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正選手と補欠選手の運動部への参加動機と原因帰属様式

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概要 The present study was designed to assess the relationship between motives for participation to intercollegiate athletic clubs and causal attributional styles of regulars and reserves. Two hundred and ...eighteen 3rd-year students, who majored in physical education and were belonging to athletic clubs, completed the author's(1990) participation motivation inventory which assessed 52 reasons for participation. Causal attributional styles were assessed with a slightly modified version of the Weiner and his associates' four standard of causal attributions. Main findings were as follows: 1) A factor analysis suggested that seven categories of motives existed; that is, "achievement", "expectation", "avoidance of disadvantage", "health and physical fitness", "social usefulness", "free and equality", and "avoidance of anxiety" motives. Participation motives extracted from this study were, for the most part, identical with the motives that were found out in the author's previous study. Among these motives, "achievement" motive was most significant. 2) A comparative study regarding attributional styles was undertaken by asking regulars and reserves the reason that they had been regulars/reserves. The results of comparison by four standard of causal attributions revealed that while the regulars more attributed to "effort" and "luck" than the reserves, the reserves more attributed to "task difficulty" than the other. The next comparison was carried out based upon two-dimensional classification; namely, locus of control and stability dimensions. The results indicated that both regulars and reserves more attributed to internal factor than external one, and stable and unstable factors exerted reverse influence on the regulars and the reserves. Thus, regarding for the reserves, egocentric causal attributional pattern was not supported in this study. 3) Finally, the relationship between participation motives and attributional styles of regulars and reserves were examined. Regarding for the reserves, significant negative correlations existed between internal, unstable attributions and "achievement", "expectation" motives. This means that the reserves have no intention of doing the best, in spite of their recognition that they could not be regulars because of their lack of effort.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.09.10
更新日 2018.06.12