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<図書>
Politeness : some universals in language usage

責任表示 Penelope Brown and Stephen C. Levinson
シリーズ Studies in interactional sociolinguistics ; 4
データ種別 図書
出版者 Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] ; New York : Cambridge University Press
出版年 1987
本文言語 英語
大きさ xiv, 345 p. : ill. ; 22-23 cm
概要 This study is about the principles for constructing polite speech. The core of it first appeared in Questions and Politeness, edited by Esther N. Goody (now out of print). It is here reissued with a n...w introduction which surveys the now considerable literature in linguistics, psychology and the social sciences that the original extended essay stimulated, and suggests new directions for research. The authors describe and account for some remarkable parallelisms in the linguistic construction of utterances with which people express themselves in different languages and cultures. A motive for these parallels is isolated - politeness, broadly defined to include both polite friendliness and polite formality - and a universal model is constructed outlining the abstract principles underlying polite usages. This is based on the detailed study of three unrelated languages and cultures: the Tamil of South India, the Tzeltal spoken by Mayan Indians in Chiapas, Mexico, and the English of the USA and England, supplemented by examples from other cultures. Underneath the apparent diversity of polite behaviour in different societies lie some general pan-human principles of social interaction, and the model of politeness provides a tool for analysing the quality of social relations in any society. This volume will be of special interest to students in linguistic pragmatics, sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, anthropology, and the sociology and social psychology of interaction.
This study is about the principles for constructing polite speech. The core of it first appeared in Questions and Politeness, edited by Esther N. Goody (now out of print). It is here reissued with a new introduction which surveys the now considerable literature in linguistics, psychology and the social sciences that the original extended essay stimulated, and suggests new directions for research. The authors describe and account for some remarkable parallelisms in the linguistic construction of utterances with which people express themselves in different languages and cultures. A motive for these parallels is isolated - politeness, broadly defined to include both polite friendliness and polite formality - and a universal model is constructed outlining the abstract principles underlying polite usages. This is based on the detailed study of three unrelated languages and cultures: the Tamil of South India, the Tzeltal spoken by Mayan Indians in Chiapas, Mexico, and the English of the USA and England, supplemented by examples from other cultures. Underneath the apparent diversity of polite behaviour in different societies lie some general pan-human principles of social interaction, and the model of politeness provides a tool for analysing the quality of social relations in any society. This volume will be of special interest to students in linguistic pragmatics, sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, anthropology, and the sociology and social psychology of interaction.
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所蔵情報

: paperback 芸工 研究室 068582188006643 801.04/B 771/1 1987
: pbk 中央図 1A 058221998000453 801.04/B 77/58980045 1996
: pbk 言文 英語 058212004017685 801.03/B 77 2004
: pbk 言文 英語 058221998000465 801.04/B 77/58980046 1996

書誌詳細

一般注記 "The bulk of the material in this volume first appeared in a collection in the series Cambridge papers in social anthropology, volume 8"--Foreword
Bibliography: p. 301-327
Includes indexes
著者標目 *Brown, Penelope
Levinson, Stephen C.
件 名 LCSH:Sociolinguistics
LCSH:Etiquette
LCSH:Conversation
LCSH:Pragmatics
LCSH:Speech acts (Linguistics)
LCSH:Social interaction
分 類 NDC8:801.03
LCC:P40.5.E75
DC19:401/.9
NDLC:KE98
書誌ID 1001105078
ISBN 0521308623
NCID BA00609538
巻冊次 : hard ; ISBN:0521308623
: pbk ; ISBN:9780521313551 ; XISBN:0521313554
登録日 2009.09.17
更新日 2009.09.17

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