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<図書>
The antisymmetry of syntax

責任表示 Richard S. Kayne
シリーズ Linguistic inquiry monographs / Samuel Jay Keyser, general editor ; 25
データ種別 図書
出版者 Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press
出版年 c1994
本文言語 英語
大きさ xv, 195 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
概要 It is standardly assumed that Universal Grammar (UG) allows a given hierarchical representation to be associated with more than one linear order. For example, English and Japanese phrases consistin... of a verb and its complement are thought of as symmetrical to one another, differing only in linear order. The Antisymmetry of Syntax proposes a restrictive theory of word order and phrase structure that denies this assumption. According to this theory, phrase structure always completely determines linear order, so that if two phrases differ in linear order, they must also differ in hierarchical structure. More specifically, Richard Kayne shows that asymmetric c-command invariably maps into linear precedence. From this follows, with few further hypotheses, a highly specific theory of word order in UG: that complement positions must always follow their associated head, and that specifiers and adjoined elements must always precede the phrase that they are sister to. A further result is that standard X-bar theory is not a primitive component of UG. Rather, X-bar theory expresses a set of antisymmetric properties of phrase structure. This antisymmetry is inherited from the more basic antisymmetry of linear order. Linguistic Inquiry Monograph No. 25
It is standardly assumed that Universal Grammar (UG) allows a given hierarchical representation to be associated with more than one linear order. For example, English and Japanese phrases consisting of a verb and its complement are thought of as symmetrical to one another, differing only in linear order. The Antisymmetry of Syntax proposes a restrictive theory of word order and phrase structure that denies this assumption. According to this theory, phrase structure always completely determines linear order, so that if two phrases differ in linear order, they must also differ in hierarchical structure. More specifically, Richard Kayne shows that asymmetric c-command invariably maps into linear precedence. From this follows, with few further hypotheses, a highly specific theory of word order in UG: that complement positions must always follow their associated head, and that specifiers and adjoined elements must always precede the phrase that they are sister to. A further result is that standard X-bar theory is not a primitive component of UG. Rather, X-bar theory expresses a set of antisymmetric properties of phrase structure. This antisymmetry is inherited from the more basic antisymmetry of linear order. Linguistic Inquiry Monograph No. 25
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所蔵情報

: pbk 中央図 自動書庫 021212017503268 英文/11-2(洋)/138 1994
: pbk 文 言語(研究室) 005212000018094 言語/6A/391 1995

書誌詳細

一般注記 Includes bibliographical references (p. [171]-186) and index
著者標目 *Kayne, Richard S.
件 名 LCSH:Grammar, Comparative and general -- Syntax  全ての件名で検索
分 類 LCC:P291
DC20:415
書誌ID 1000522723
ISBN 0262111942
NCID BA24082116
巻冊次 ISBN:0262111942
: pbk ; ISBN:0262611074
登録日 2009.09.14
更新日 2009.09.14

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