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<図書>
From etymology to pragmatics : metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure

責任表示 Eve Sweetser
シリーズ Cambridge studies in linguistics ; 54
データ種別 図書
出版者 Cambridge [U.K.] ; New York : Cambridge University Press
出版年 1990
本文言語 英語
大きさ xi, 174 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
概要 This book offers a new approach to the analysis of the multiple meanings of English modals, conjunctions, conditionals, and perception verbs. Although such ambiguities cannot easily be accounted for b... feature-analyses of word meaning, Eve Sweetser's argument shows that they can be analyzed both readily and systematically. Meaning relationships in general cannot be understood independently of human cognitive structure, including the metaphorical and cultural aspects of that structure. Sweetser shows that both lexical polysemy and pragmatic ambiguity are shaped by our metaphorical folk understanding of epistemic processes and of speech interaction. Similar regularities can be shown to structure the contrast among root, epistemic and speech act uses of modal verbs, multiple uses of conjunctions and conditionals, and certain processes of historical change observed in Indo-European languages. Since polysemy is typically the intermediate step in semantic change, the same regularities observable in polysemy can be extended to an analysis of semantic change.
This book offers a new approach to the analysis of the multiple meanings of English modals, conjunctions, conditionals, and perception verbs. Although such ambiguities cannot easily be accounted for by feature-analyses of word meaning, Eve Sweetser's argument shows that they can be analyzed both readily and systematically. Meaning relationships in general cannot be understood independently of human cognitive structure, including the metaphorical and cultural aspects of that structure. Sweetser shows that both lexical polysemy and pragmatic ambiguity are shaped by our metaphorical folk understanding of epistemic processes and of speech interaction. Similar regularities can be shown to structure the contrast among root, epistemic and speech act uses of modal verbs, multiple uses of conjunctions and conditionals, and certain processes of historical change observed in Indo-European languages. Since polysemy is typically the intermediate step in semantic change, the same regularities observable in polysemy can be extended to an analysis of semantic change.
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所蔵情報


中央図 1A 068582190022183 801.4/Sw 4/1A 1990

中央図 1B_13‐26 [文/英文] 068052193013055 英文/6B/640 1990

言文 英語 068582190011735 801.4/Sw 4/1 1990
: hbk 文 英文(研究室) 021212012005316 英文/6B/714 1990

書誌詳細

一般注記 Bibliography: p. 159-167
Includes indexes
著者標目 *Sweetser, Eve Eliot
件 名 LCSH:Semantics
LCSH:Grammar, Comparative and general
LCSH:Modality (Linguistics)
分 類 LCC:P325
DC20:401/.43
NDC8:801.2
書誌ID 1000098243
ISBN 0521324068
NCID BA10162443
巻冊次 : hbk ; ISBN:0521324068
: pbk ; ISBN:0521424429
登録日 2009.09.10
更新日 2009.09.10

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