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<図書>
Arenas of language use

責任表示 Herbert H. Clark
データ種別 図書
出版者 Chicago : University of Chicago Press
出版者 [Stanford, Calif.] : Center for the Study of Language and Information
出版年 1992
本文言語 英語
大きさ xviii, 419 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
概要 When we think of the ways we use language, we think of face-to-face conversations, telephone conversations, reading and writing, and even talking to oneself. These are arenas of language use--theaters...of action in which people do things with language. But what exactly are they doing with language? What are their goals and intentions? By what processes do they achieve these goals? In these twelve essays, Herbert H. Clark and his colleagues discuss the collective nature of language--the ways in which people coordinate with each other to determine the meaning of what they say. According to Clark, in order for one person to understand another, there must be a "common ground" of knowledge between them. He shows how people infer this "common ground" from their past conversations, their immediate surroundings, and their shared cultural background. Clark also discusses the means by which speakers design their utterances for particular audiences and coordinate their use of language with other participants in a language arena. He argues that language use in conversation is a collaborative process, where speaker and listener work together to establish that the listener understands the speaker's meaning. Since people often use words to mean something quite different from the dictionary definitions of those words, Clark offers a realistic perspective on how speakers and listeners coordinate on the meanings of words. This collection presents outstanding examples of Clark's pioneering work on the pragmatics of language use and it will interest psychologists, linguists, computer scientists, and philosophers.
When we think of the ways we use language, we think of face-to-face conversations, telephone conversations, reading and writing, and even talking to oneself. These are arenas of language use--theaters of action in which people do things with language. But what exactly are they doing with language? What are their goals and intentions? By what processes do they achieve these goals? In these twelve essays, Herbert H. Clark and his colleagues discuss the collective nature of language--the ways in which people coordinate with each other to determine the meaning of what they say. According to Clark, in order for one person to understand another, there must be a "common ground" of knowledge between them. He shows how people infer this "common ground" from their past conversations, their immediate surroundings, and their shared cultural background. Clark also discusses the means by which speakers design their utterances for particular audiences and coordinate their use of language with other participants in a language arena. He argues that language use in conversation is a collaborative process, where speaker and listener work together to establish that the listener understands the speaker's meaning. Since people often use words to mean something quite different from the dictionary definitions of those words, Clark offers a realistic perspective on how speakers and listeners coordinate on the meanings of words. This collection presents outstanding examples of Clark's pioneering work on the pragmatics of language use and it will interest psychologists, linguists, computer scientists, and philosophers.
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所蔵情報


文 言語(研究室) 068052195000632 応用言語/6B/85 1992
: hard 中央図 1C_14‐18 [文/言語] 068052195029572 応用言語/13/237 1992
: hard 言文 英語 032212011501222 801.04/C 76 1992

書誌詳細

一般注記 Includes bibliographical references and indexes
著者標目 *Clark, Herbert H., 1940-
件 名 LCSH:Conversation
LCSH:Oral communication
LCSH:Psycholinguistics
LCSH:Pragmatics
分 類 LCC:P95.45
DC20:302.3/46
書誌ID 1000053872
ISBN 0226107817
NCID BA20314479
巻冊次 : hard ; ISBN:0226107817
: pbk ; ISBN:0226107825
登録日 2009.09.10
更新日 2009.09.10

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