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<図書>
The evolution of grammar : tense, aspect, and modality in the languages of the world

責任表示 Joan Bybee, Revere Perkins and William Pagliuca
データ種別 図書
出版者 Chicago : University of Chicago Press
出版年 1994
本文言語 英語
大きさ xxii, 398 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
概要 Joan Bybee and her colleagues present a new theory of the evolution of grammar that links structure and meaning in a way that directly challenges most contemporary versions of generative grammar. This...study focuses on the use and meaning of grammatical markers of tense, aspect, and modality and identifies a universal set of grammatical categories. The authors demonstrate that the semantic content of these categories evolves gradually and that this process of evolution is strikingly similar across unrelated languages. Through a survey of seventy-six languages in twenty-five different phyla, the authors show that the same paths of change occur universally and that movement along these paths is in one direction only. This analysis reveals that lexical substance evolves into grammatical substance through various mechanisms of change, such as metaphorical extension and the conventionalization of implicature. Grammaticization is always accompanied by an increase in frequency of the grammatical marker, providing clear evidence that language use is a major factor in the evolution of synchronic language states. The Evolution of Grammar has important implications for the development of language and for the study of cognitive processes in general.
Joan Bybee and her colleagues present a new theory of the evolution of grammar that links structure and meaning in a way that directly challenges most contemporary versions of generative grammar. This study focuses on the use and meaning of grammatical markers of tense, aspect, and modality and identifies a universal set of grammatical categories. The authors demonstrate that the semantic content of these categories evolves gradually and that this process of evolution is strikingly similar across unrelated languages. Through a survey of seventy-six languages in twenty-five different phyla, the authors show that the same paths of change occur universally and that movement along these paths is in one direction only. This analysis reveals that lexical substance evolves into grammatical substance through various mechanisms of change, such as metaphorical extension and the conventionalization of implicature. Grammaticization is always accompanied by an increase in frequency of the grammatical marker, providing clear evidence that language use is a major factor in the evolution of synchronic language states. The Evolution of Grammar has important implications for the development of language and for the study of cognitive processes in general.
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所蔵情報


芸工 研究室 068582194013125 801.5/B 98/1 1994
: pbk 中央図 4A 003212009001703 801.5/B 98 1994
: pbk 言文 スペイン語 110012019022922 801.5/B 98 1996

書誌詳細

一般注記 References: p. 365-375
Includes indexes
著者標目 *Bybee, Joan L.
Perkins, Revere D. (Revere Dale)
Pagliuca, William
件 名 LCSH:Grammar, Comparative and general -- Grammaticalization  全ての件名で検索
LCSH:Linguistic change
LCSH:Grammar, Comparative and general -- Tense  全ての件名で検索
LCSH:Grammar, Comparative and general -- Aspect  全ての件名で検索
LCSH:Modality (Linguistics)
分 類 NDC8:801.5
LCC:P299.G73
DC20:415
書誌ID 1000063917
ISBN 0226086631
NCID BA23544726
巻冊次 ISBN:0226086631
: pbk ; ISBN:0226086658
登録日 2009.09.10
更新日 2009.09.10

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