<紀要論文>
Tungusic Morphology in Old Japanese through the Lens of Borrowing Hierarchies

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概要 The Tungusic language family consists of approximately a dozen endangered languages that are spoken in Siberia and northern China. Old Japanese and the Tungusic languages share a body of nominal and v...erbal morphology. In the current paper, the hypothesis that this shared morphology is the result of linguistic contact between Tungusic and Japanese, or borrowing from Tungusic into Japanese, is discussed and substantiated. To corroborate the linguistic contact hypothesis, fifteen etymologies are examined against the yardstick of Yaron Matras’s (2007: 37-62; 2009: 218; 2011: 208-224) borrowing hierarchies, which are scales of borrowability. It can be observed that most shared morphological elements score relatively high in eight relevant borrowing hierarchies. Consequently, it is conceivable that these shared morphological elements can be attributed to linguistic contact (linguistic convergence).続きを見る
目次 1. Introduction: The Tungusic Languages
2. Objectives of the Paper
3. Research Methods
4. Matras’s Borrowing Hierarchies
 4.1. Borrowing Hierarchy 1
 4.2. Borrowing Hierarchy 2
 4.3. Borrowing Hierarchy 3
 4.4. Borrowing Hierarchy 4
 4.5. Borrowing Hierarchy 5
 4.6. Borrowing Hierarchy 6
 4.7. Borrowing Hierarchy 7
 4.8. Borrowing Hierarchy 8
5. List of Morphology Shared in Old Japanese and Tungusic
 5.1. OJ. -ra (plural suffix)
 5.2. OJ. -tati (plural suffix)
 5.3. OJ. -ga (genitive case suffix)
 5.4. OJ. -ra (semi-fossilized locative-directive case suffix)
 5.5. OJ. -ri (fossilized prolative case suffix)
 5.6. OJ. -ti (fossilized allative-directive case suffix)
 5.7. OJ. -tu (fossilized locative-genitive case suffix)
 5.8. OJ. -am- (verbal tentative suffix)
 5.9. OJ. -an- (verbal negative suffix)
 5.10. OJ. -ba/-a-ba (conditional suffix)
 5.11. OJ. -ki1 (perfective suffix)
 5.12. OJ. -masi (subjunctive suffix)
 5.13. OJ. -n- (perfective suffix)
 5.14. OJ. i- (interrogative pronominal root)
 5.15. OJ. wi- “1. to be, to exist; 2. to sit”
6. Assessment of the Shared Morphology through the Lens of Borrowing Hierarchies
 6.1. Borrowing Hierarchy 1
 6.2. Borrowing Hierarchy 2
 6.3. Borrowing Hierarchy 3
 6.4. Borrowing Hierarchy 4
 6.5. Borrowing Hierarchy 5
 6.6. Borrowing Hierarchy 6
 6.7. Borrowing Hierarchy 7
 6.8. Borrowing Hierarchy 8
7. Summarizing Diagrams on Tungusic Morphology in Old Japanese
8. Conclusion
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登録日 2024.04.15
更新日 2024.04.16

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