The land area of Vietnam is over 33 million ha of which the forested area is 9.3 million ha and the ratio of mountainous areas ofVietnam is 75%. However, Vietnam's forest has decreased from 14.3 million ha in 1945 (43%) to 9.3 million ha in 1995 (28%) during the last 50 years. There were many causes, civil war, oevrharvesting, conversion of agricultural land, growth of population and shifting cultivation by the ethnic groups. On July 1998, The Prime Minister announced Decision 661 (5 milion hectare Reforestation Planting). The total forest area will reach 14.3 million hectares(equivalent to 43% forest cover) from 1998 to 2010. The Vietnam Government is encouraging private sector investment in state planning reforestation and promoting to participate of ethnic groups to the programme. The programme forcused to stop the shifting cultivation and offer job to ethnic groups in order to increasing their income. Vietnam government has paid 2 million to 3 milion VND per ha to the workers who participate in planting and 50,000 VND per ha/year for forest production. These income have a great significance for the poor member of moutainous minority groups. The programme is a good solution to recovering and planting bare land, denuded hills and forest resources management. But there are some problem, the most importance is the financial difficult of the Vietnam Government and the similar problem is the lack of investment of a paper-manufacturing company.