<紀要論文>
How “Northern European” is Japan’s Municipal Merger Policy?

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概要 The Meiji Restoration of 1868 marked the start of the modernization of Japan to a unitary nation-state. This included the modernization of the municipal system. In 1889 the Japanese government enacted... the shi-sei (City Code) and chōson-sei (Town and Village Code), which were modelled after Prussian counterparts. At the same time and unlike in Prussia, municipal mergers became an integral part of local politics. Three nationwide so-called “great mergers” have occurred to the present day. Implementation of large-scale municipal mergers has been defined as the “northern European model” of local government boundary reform in Western scholarship. This can easily be debunked as a very Eurocentric term when taking Japan into account, especially since Japan began its merger program more than 50 years earlier than Sweden, one of the two typical countries named when discussing the “northern European model”.続きを見る
目次 Introduction
1. The development of the Japanese municipality structure from 1868 to 1945
2. The postwar development from 1945 to 1961
3. Municipal merger policies in six Western European countries
Conclusion

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登録日 2020.03.17
更新日 2020.09.28

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