The present paper deals with the changes in staple-food policy of Korea from 1945 to 1981. The purpose of the study is to present basic informations as for the staple-food policy employed during the above stated period and to delineate problems to be solved in a future adjustment of food policy in Korea. The results of this study are summarized as follows. (1) Free market policy of rice and other staple-grain was adopted immediately after the releasement from Japan. It brought about social grievance and unrest because of abnormal enhancement of rice price due to supply-demand imbalance of rice, so that the basic policy of rice and other staple-food was converted in a little while to "entire control" policy. Entire control policy of rice-market contributed to the stabilization of price situation, however the gathering of rice at a low price level compelled to the farmer one-sided sacrifice and it resulted to delay the period attaining at the national subsistence of rice production. (2) Of the methods adopted in acquiring staple-grain under government control, the tax payment system in kind (rice) contributed to reduce national expenditure to a considerable extent, but tax charged at a high rate oppressed heavily rural economy. Moreover, influx of Surplus Agricultural Commodities to Korea from United Stated affected to lower the domestic prices of rice and other agricultural products, though the Surplus Agricultural Commodities contributed to the relaxation of food-deficiency, the strengthening of national defense, the stabilization of national finance, and the formation of social capital. On the other side, new financing system, established in 1962, in which rice is used as mortgage played important role to relax the seasonal fluctuation of rice price. (3) Economic Development Programs initiated in 1962 and repeated four times thereafter affected to change greatly the economic conditions surrounding agriculture, stimulated the increase in the agricultural production, and brought about the structural change of food consumption. (4) Purchased prices of rice and other staple-grain may be called "policy-price". It means that the prices had been decided arbitrarily by the government in considering the prevailing economic conditions from time to time. Actual level of rice price paid by the government was almost equivalent to the amount which covers the real production costs on 90 percent of all rice producing farms. However, the disparity of income between wage earners in cities and non-farm occupations and farm family households was still large and expanded with time. (5) The execution of double price system for rice, that is the dual price for producers' and consumers', yielded many appreciable effects on one hand such as the increase of rice production, the increase of farm household income, the stabilization of consumers household, and so forth, however, it brought about, on the other hand, the problem of fiscal deficit in staple-grain management as one of the significant minus effects. (6) Marketing organization of rice in Korea at present is made up of both government organization and free market organization. The latter, i. e., the merchant channel, has played as the channel of rice particularly of good quality. Due to the gradual increase in the amount of consumption of good quality rice, the merchant channel becomes to be more important in the amount of rice being marketed through the channel. As the result, the government control over the price and marketing of rice becomes more difficult under the recent situation. In order to execute the government control well, it seems to be necessary to develop varieties of rice more adopted to consumers' preference and to rebuild up sound wholesale marketing system.