<学術雑誌論文>
Effects of nitrogen supply restriction on photosynthetic characters and dry matter production in Vietlai 20, a Vietnamese hybrid rice variety, during grain filling stage

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概要 Photosynthetic activity of flag leaves and dry matter production during the grain filling stage of vietlai 20 (VI20), a Vietnamese hybrid rice variety, were examined and compared to those of its mater...nal cultivar (103S) and paternal cultivar(R20) under standard nitrogen(SN) and low nitorogen(SN) condictions. The results showed that the above dry matter weight(DW) was not significantly different between VL20 and 103S under the LN condition. Also, there was no difference in the DW between V120 and R20; while, V120 exhibited a higher rate of panicle dry weight increase (PDF) than R20 under both SN and LN conditions. Beacause 103S is a thermo-sensitive genic male sterile line, PDW was negligible in 103S during maturity in the present experment. With a restriction in N supply, the maximum CO2 exchange rate (CERmax), flag leaf nitrogen content(FLNC) and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) content decreased in VL20 and R20.However, VL20 exhibited a higher sustainability in both duration of grain filling and response to N deficiency in terms of CERmax value, FLNC and Rubico content than R20. VL20 also showed sighnificantly a higher value of quantum yield efficiency of PSII(φPSII) and lower value of non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) than R20 under the LN condition.Although the chlorophy11(Ch1) content was not signficantly different between VL20 and R20, the ratio of Ch1/Rubisco was lower in VL20 than in R20 under the LN condition.These results indicated that the high FLNC and Rubisco content, and relatively low Ch1/Rubisco ratio would result in a high photosynthetic rate and φPSII value in the F1 hybrid during the grain filling stage under the restriction of N supply.続きを見る

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登録日 2017.02.14
更新日 2018.02.26

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