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Development of a Prediction Model of Fuel Moisture Changes in a Deciduous Forest of Yeongdong Region in Korea

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概要 Understanding how fuel moisture changes after a rainfall is important to predict forest fire risk, and knowing such change in advance can greatly assist in fire risk monitoring. To better understand t...he fuel moisture dynamics after a rainfall, we investigated how fuel moisture level changes across four different fuel layers (fall leaves, humus, top soil layer (<5 cm depth), and lower soil layer (5–10 cm depth)) under three different stand density levels (high, medium and low) after a significant rainfall event (>5 mm) during spring season. We measured variables including effective humidity, solar irradiation, wind speed, and days after rainfall. These variables were incorporated into developing a fuel moisture prediction regression model. Variables were measured daily for 6 days after a rainfall, for a total of 4 rainfall events in the spring of 2008 for model development, and one event in the spring of 2009 for model validation. Results show that in a low density stand, fuel moisture of the fallen leaves layer reached a dangerously dry level of 17% only after 3 days since rainfall, while at the medium and high density stands, fuel moisture level remained at 19–20% after 6 days since rainfall. Fuel moisture at the humus level was highest among all fuel layers, and remained at greater than 57% even after 6 days since rainfall. Top and lower soil layers both showed small to no changes in fuel moisture content throughout the sampling period. The prediction regression model showed a reasonable performance (R^2=0.56–0.90, p–value <0.001) and validated well against an independent set of measurements.続きを見る

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登録日 2014.04.07
更新日 2021.02.05

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