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高等教育機会の選択と家庭所得 : 選択モデルによる規定要因分析

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概要 This paper analyses the effect of family income upon the choice of opportunities of higher education by applying the discrete choice model, The data were taken from a tracer survey conducted upon high... school graduates in l980. Empirical findings from the analysis may be summarized as follows: l) The chances of taking the opportunities of higher education are indeed related to family income. This is true for three stages of choice (special training schools and above vs. employment; junior college and above vs. special training schools and employment; and four-year college vs. junior college, special training school and employment). With higher family incomes, the probability of advancing to higher education institutions increases, The relation is particularly strong among women. Also it was found that the probabilities of selecting particular types of institutions are negatively correlated to family income. Those are junior colleges for men and women, and special training schools for women. 2) The independent effects of family income decline when other variables than family income -- academic ability, father's education and father's occupation are added into the logit-regression framework. This is particularly true with men; but with women the effects still remain significant. By the addition of other variables it was also revealed that the choice of national universities over private institutions is negatively related with family income. This suggests that the lower tuition level at the national institutions attracts high school graduates who are academically eligible but financially marginal in college choice. 3) Even though the full regression model above indicated that the independent effect of family income becomes negligible with men when other variables are added, it was only the result of the latent assumption that the effect is constant over permutation of the independent variables. Separate analyses by academic ability indicated that the independent effect of family income varies depending upon the level of academic ability. Indeed, family income exerts significant influence upon the choice of four-year university over other careers when only the men with medium ability levels are analyzed. Presumably, for those students the choice of higher education is more marginal than others. Similar tendencies are found with other levels of choice, and also with women. Through these analyses it is argued that family income is still a significant determinant of the choice of college education, especially among women and among those of marginal academic ability with respect to college education. Also it is argued that the national universities are playing a significant role through their low tuitions in providing opportunities for low income families.続きを見る
目次 序 1 研究の背景と方法 (1) 研究の背景(2)データ(3)分析のためのモデルと実証の方法 2 実証分析(1)進学と家庭所得(2)進学規定要因と比較分析(3)出身高校別にみた家庭所得の効果 3 まとめと今後の課題

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登録日 2009.04.22
更新日 2020.10.13

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