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大卒看護職の初期キャリアとコンピテンシー形成 : 看護師・関係者インタビューの分析

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概要 Nursing education faces changes and problems, especially those of shifting its training toward universities and the increasing early turnover and decreasing practical competence of beginning nurses. I...n the light of these issues, this study aimed to elucidate the educational challenges regarding career preparation of nurses and the competency required for nurses and the problems these create. To this end, interviews were conducted with members of medical teams and with beginning nurses holding a university degree. The results were analyzed and examined in four categories: the advantages from higher education of nurses and its relation to their careers; nursing skills required as part of a medical team; the contents of professional education in higher education; and discussion about career improvement at work. Both nurses and other members of medical teams expected university-educated beginning nurses to show a rich humanity and social skills as members of a medical team. At the same time, however, mere humanity is not enough to satisfy all the skills required professionally. In this context, nursing professionals with a university degree should acquire qualities such as basic knowledge, technical knowledge, and communication skills during higher education. Training was expected to explore how to nurture a rich humanity, rather than simply to upgrade the nursing curriculum. New nurses who had just graduated from a university realized how immature they were. Despite their willingness to remedy their lack of skills and experience, the university-educated nurses particularly were expected to become a substantial part of the workforce immediately, due to the overwhelming clinical workload and a large numbers of nurses leaving their jobs. Examining the interview results revealed an issue of legislating for nurse training in a way similar to that of compulsory training of doctors. In addition, the survey indicated a necessity to discuss issues arising from the new education/training methods for nurses in order to advance their careers from the initial stage.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.04.22
更新日 2020.10.13

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