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子どもの路上生活経験と学校教育 : インド、ニューデリーのストリートチルドレンを中心に

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概要 This article aims to investigate difficulties which street children face in reaching formal education, or after reaching it, focusing on educational support of NGOs for working children and street chi...ldren in New Delhi, India. It will enable us to examine the limitations of education for better living standards and the elimination of poverty, both ideals of development. In India, there are two types of educational problems according to social class. For the children from the middle class, who go through high competitive examinations, serious tension is pointed out as a problem. On the other hand, there are vast numbers of children not attending school. Amidst this situation, since 2001, the Indian government has set a 'Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (Education for all campaign)' which aims for providing school education for all children age 6-13. In this article, 'children who live mainly on the street without proper protection and support from their families' are called street children. Street children are also non-school going children. According to ILO and UNDP reports, the numbers of these children in India are estimated to be at least 18 million, the largest number in the world. In Delhi, 6.4% of children are out of school, and according to some counts, the number of street children in Delhi is estimated at 45, 000~100, 000. International organizations, the Indian Government, and NGOs are providing programs for street children. Programs provided by NGOs are thought more practical in their approach. These NGOs work based on the ideas of children's rights, but each of them provides different types of activities. Case studies of children who joined educational programs of NGOs illustrate how these programs work in the lives of children. Here, narratives about the impact of NGO programs, told by the boys who have experienced street lives, explain how they think about their present and future situation. Getting NGO support, the boys who adapted to the rules of mainstream society including formal education go through difficulties because of insufficient educational background. On the other hand, even after getting the opportunity to stay in NGO shelter homes, it is not easy for some boys to stay in the shelter and get used to its rules, in part because it's difficult for young children to imagine school life apart from their work or street lives. Even if a child is given the opportunity to leave the street, it depends on the child him/herself whether to adapt to formal education. The opportunity to get formal education would seem to grant these children a chance for a better living standard, but such an opportunity alone is not enough for children who have difficulties with this option.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.04.22
更新日 2020.10.07

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