＜departmental bulletin paper＞
Recent Research Trends on the International Order in Northeast Asia in 1960s.
|Abstract||East Asian international order in East Asia faced a great transition in 1960s. Three conditions triggered the change;
1) a split in Northern triangle alliance caused by the Soviet-Chinese conflict, 2) ...normalization between Korea and Japan as a result of the Kennedy Administration’s new foreign policy based on the Rostow’s idea, and 3) the Vietnam War which South/North Korea, Japan, and China involved in.
This conditions resulted in the formation of Southern triangle alliance on the one hand, while resistance from the bottom appeared in Korea and Japan against new alliance under the American policy, on the other hand. Korean people strongly opposed to the normalization with Japan without solution of history issues, whereas Japanese people conducted anti-Vietnam War campaign actively
These experience in 1960s caused another transition in 1970s South Korea. South Korea achieved economic growth rapidly due to a new industrial sector, heavy chemical industry throughout 1970s, which started under the ROK government’s 3rd economic development plan and was possible by using the special procurement during the Vietnam War. At the same time, economic tie between South Korea and Japan was strengthened after the normalization in 1965 despite of anti-Japanism in Korean society. From the political perspective, internal economic growth and changes in international order after the Nixon Doctrine made it possible that the Park government consolidated its political power through the Yusin Restoration in 1972.show more