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Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes in Liquid Metals

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概要 This book is intended to be a comprehensive survey of irreversible phenomena in liquid metals. Experiments and special theoretical consid erations can be brought into a general scheme by means of the ...phenome nological theory of thermodynamics of irreversible processes. In this way well-investigated phenomena such as electrolysis in liquid alloys, and new fields of research such as isotopic separation in liquid metals by action of an electrical direct current, can be given the same theo retical foundation. The goal in this book is to deduce the theory of a special phenomenon as well as to describe experiments connected with the resulting effects. On the other hand no kinetic theory is given since to date no general kinetic theory exists for liquids as it does exist for gases. In general, kinetic models seem to agree with experiments only if the results of the measurements are known beforehand. In Chapter 1 the Onsager symmetry relations are deduced in general. Chapter 2 gives the general phenomenological theory of liquid metals. These two chapters serve as a foundation for the remaining chapters, where the general theory is applied to sO. me cases of special physical interest. The scalar phenomena of relaxation are given in Chapter 3 for the case of nuclear magnetic resonance. Vector phenomena are discussed in Chapters 4 -6. Chapter 7 deals with viscosity effects as examples of tensor effects.続きを見る
目次 1. Onsager Symmetry Relation
1.1. Irreversible Processes
1.2. Onsager Relation in Scalar Processes
1.3. Onsager Relation for Processes in a Magnetic Field
2. The Phenomenological Relations
2.1. Assumption of Local and Mechanical Equilibrium
2.2. Conservation Laws and Balance Equations
2.3. Phenomenological Equations
3. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
3.1. Theory of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
3.2. Knight Shift and Relaxation Times
4. Galvanomagnetic and Thermomagnetic Phenomena
4.1. Phenomenological Theory of Pure Metals
4.2. Definition of Effects
4.3. Coefficients for Measurable Effects
4.4. Hall Effect in Liquid Metals
5. Diffusion and Thermodiffusion in Alloys
5.1. Transformation Equations for the Diffusion Flux
5.2. Isothermal Diffusion in Binary Alloys
5.3. Diffusion in Multi-Component Systems
5.4. Thermo Diffusion and Diffusion Thermo Effects
5.5. Experimental Work on Self Diffusion
5.6. Diffusion Experiments in Binary Alloys
6. Isothermal Electrical Phenomena in Metals and Alloys
6.1. Binary Alloys
6.2. Electrolysis in Mercury Amalgams
6.3. Electromagnetic Migration in Liquid Gold Amalgam
6.4. Isotopic Separation by Electrolysis and Electromagnetic Migration
7. Viscosity Phenomena in a Magnetic Field
7.1. Phenomenology of Viscous Flow
7.2. Viscosity Effects in a Magnetic Field
7.3. Measurements of Viscous Flow in a Magnetic Field
8. Effects between Vector and Tensor Forces
8.1. Electrokinetic Effects
8.2. Electroosmosis in Mercury
8.3. Pressure-Thermo and Pressure-Diffusion Effects
Literature.
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登録日 2020.06.27
更新日 2020.06.28