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Thermodynamics of Finite Systems and the Kinetics of First-Order Phase Transitions

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目次 1. Introduction
1.1. Types and Classification of Phase Transitions
1.2. Thermodynamic and Experimental Conditions for Supersaturated Vapour States
1.3. Outline of Classical Nucleation Theory
1.4. Nucleation in a Lattice Gas Model
2. Thermodynamics of Heterogeneous Systems
2.1. Thermodynamic Premises of Classical Nucleation Theory
2.2. Gibbs' Theory of Heterogeneous Systems
2.3. Curvature Dependence of Surface Tension
2.4. Heterogeneous Systems in Non-Equilibrium States and the Principle of Inner Equilibrium
3. Thermodynamics and Nucleation in Finite Systems
3.1. The Work of Formation of Clusters
3.2. Equilibrium States and the Conditions for Stability of the Clusters
3.3. Critical Thermodynamic Parameters for Nucleation in Finite Systems
3.4. The Work of Formation of Critical Clusters
3.5. Parameters of the Critical Cluster in Dependence on the System Size
3.6. Formation of a Droplet Ensemble in Finite Systems
4. Kinetics of Phase Transitions in Finite Systems - A Stochastic Approach
4.1. Free Energy of the Cluster Distribution
4.2. Kinetic Assumptions and Master Equation
4.3. Results of Computer Simulations
4.4. Probability Distribution and Mean First Passage Time
4.5. Mean Values for the Number of Clusters - Fokker-Planck Equation
5. Kinetics of Growth of a New Phase - A Deterministic Description
5.1. General Scenario of First-Order Phase Transition in Finite Systems
5.2. Nucleation in Finite Systems - The Quasi-Steady-State-Approximation
5.3. Deterministic Growth Equations
5.4. Simultaneous Description of Nucleation and Growth
5.5. Curvature Dependence of Surface Tension and the Scenario of First-Order Phase Transitions
5.6. Further Applications
6. Theory of Ostwald Ripening
6.1. Basic Equations
6.2. The Lifshitz-Slyozov Theory
6.3. Thermodynamic Aspects of Ostwald Ripening in Solids and Liquid Solutions
6.4. A New Method of Kinetic Description of Ostwald Ripening
6.5. Ostwald Ripening and the Relations to the Theory of Self-Organization
7. Growth of Bubbles in Finite Systems
7.1. The Model
7.2. Thermodynamic Analysis
7.3. Kinetic Description of Nucleation and Growth of Bubbles
7.4. Applications to Liquid-Gas Solutions and Multicomponent Systems
8. Nucleation and Growth in Elastic and Viscoelastic Media
8.1. Derivation of a Growth Equation for Clusters in Elastic Media
8.2. Models for the Calculation of Elastic Strains
8.3. Formation and Growth of Single Clusters in Elastic Media
8.4. Ostwald Ripening in Elastic and Viscoelastic Media
References.
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登録日 2020.06.27
更新日 2020.06.28