<電子ブック>
Theory of Heat

責任表示
著者
本文言語
出版者
出版年
出版地
概要 The first objective of statistical mechanics is to explain the fundamental laws of thermodynamics from first principles based on the atomic structure of matter. This problem was attacked successfully ...first by MAXWELL and CLAUSIUS in studies on the kinetic theory of gases. It will be treated briefly in Sec. II-A, to gain some understanding and experience before dealing with more general problems. The second objective is then to calculate thermodynamics quantities from the microscopic laws governing the atomic motion. Whenever we try to lay the foundation of thermodynamics on an atomistic theory, we are confronted with a very strange situation. The thermodynamical state of a system is defined uniquely by only a few quantities, such as pressure, volume, energy, temperature, flow velocities, etc. In contrast, the atomistic descrip tion needs an enormous number of variables to define a state, e. g. , positions and velocities of all the atoms involved in classical mechanics or Schrodinger's wave function of the corresponding N body-problem in quantum mechanics. Classical mechanics, for instance, can predict the future development only if all the positions and velocities are known, say at time t = O. The number of values needed for this 23 purpose is of the order of 10 . Actually, only a few parameters are at our disposal from thermodynamics. Therefore, from thermodynamics we know almost nothing about the atomistic situation.続きを見る
目次 I. Thermodynamics
A. The First and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
B. The Entropy
C. Some Applications
D. The Method of Carnot Cycles
E. Thermodynamical Functions (Potentials) and the Theory of Equilibrium
II. Statistical Mechanics
23. Introduction
A. Kinetic Theory of Gases
B. Basic Concepts of Classical Mechanics
C. The Microcanonical Ensemble
D. The Canonical Ensemble
E. Two More Ensembles
III. Quantum Statistics
42. Some preliminary results
43. Recollection of quantum theory
44. Statistical ensembles in quantum theory
45. The entropy of a closed system
46. The canonical ensemble
IV. Ideal and Real Gases
A. The Ideal Gas
B. Real Gases and Their Condensation
V. Solids
A. Caloric Properties
B. Order and Disorder Phenomena in Crystals
VI. Fluctuations and Brownian Motion
A. Entropy and Probability
B. Brownian Motion
VII. Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes
87. Increase of entropy by irreversible processes
88. Irreversible processes in statistical mechanics
89. Simultaneous change of several macroscopic quantities
90. Cox's treatment
91. Irreversible exchange of energy and particles
92. Some applications
93. The justification of Thomson's treatment by the Onsager relation
94. Thermoelectric effects according to Thomson
95. Thermoelectric effects and Onsager relations
Literature
Author and Subject Index.
続きを見る
本文を見る Full text available from SpringerLink ebooks - Physics and Astronomy (Archive)

詳細

レコードID
主題
SSID
eISBN
登録日 2020.06.27
更新日 2020.06.28