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Subseafloor Biosphere Linked to Hydrothermal Systems : TAIGA Concept

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概要 This book is the comprehensive volume of the TAIGA (“a great river ” in Japanese) project. Supported by the Japanese government, the project examined the hypothesis that the subseafloor fluid advectio...n system (subseafloor TAIGA)   can be categorized into four types, TAIGAs of sulfur, hydrogen, carbon (methane), and iron, according to the most dominant reducing substance, and the chemolithoautotrophic bacteria/archaea that are inextricably associated with respective types of TAIGAs which are strongly affected by their geological background such as surrounding host rocks and tectonic settings. Sub-seafloor ecosystems are sustained by hydrothermal circulation or TAIGA that carry chemical energy to the chemosynthetic microbes living in an extreme environment.  The results of the project have been summarized comprehensively in 50 chapters, and this book provides an overall introduction and relevant topics on the mid-ocean ridge system of the Indian Ocean and on the arc-backarc systems of the Southern Mariana Trough and Okinawa Trough.続きを見る
目次 Introduction: concept of TAIGA
Geochemical constraints on potential biomass sustained by subseafloor water-rock interactions
Microbial cell densities, community structures, and growth in the hydrothermal plumes of subduction hydrothermal systems
Systematics of distributions of various elements between ferromanganese oxides and seawater from natural observation, thermodynamics, and structures
Evaluating hydrothermal system evolution using geochronological dating and biological diversity analyses
Quantification of microbial communities in hydrothermal vent habitats of the Southern Mariana Trough and the Mid-Okinawa Trough
Development of hydrothermal and frictional experimental systems to simulate sub-seafloor water–rock–microbe interactions
Experimental hydrogen production in hydrothermal and fault systems: Significance for habitability of subseafloor H2 chemoautotroph microbial ecosystems
Experimental assessment of microbial effects on chemical interaction between seafloor massive sulfides and seawater at 4℃
A compilation of the stable isotopic compositions of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur in soft body parts of animals collected from deep-sea hydrothermal vent and methane seep fields: variations in energy source and importance of subsurface microbial processes in the sediment-hosted systems
Tectonic background of four hydrothermal fields along the Central Indian Ridge
Indian Ocean hydrothermal systems: seafloor hydrothermal activities, physical and chemical characteristics of hydrothermal fluids, and vent-associated biological communities
Petrology and geochemistry of mid-ocean ridge basalts from the southern Central Indian Ridge
Petrology of peridotites and related gabbroic rocks around the Kairei-hydrothermal field in the Central Indian Ridge
Distribution and Biogeochemical Properties of Hydrothermal Plumes in the Rodriguez Triple Junction
Vent fauna in the Central Indian Ridge
The mantle dynamics, the crustal formation, and the hydrothermal activity of the Southern Mariana Trough back-arc Basin
Seismic structure and seismicity in the Southern Mariana Trough and their relation to hydrothermal activity
Electrical resistivity structure of the Snail site at the Southern Mariana Trough spreading center
Asymmetric seafloor spreading of the southern Mariana Trough back-arc basin
Geochemical characteristics of active backarc basin volcanisms at the southern end of Mariana Trough
Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of hydrothermal minerals collected from hydrothermal vent fields in the Southern Mariana spreading center
Dating of hydrothermal mineralization in active hydrothermal fields in the Southern Mariana Trough
Intra-field variation of prokaryotic communities on and below the seafloor in the back-arc hydrothermal system of the Southern Mariana Trough
Vent fauna in the Mariana Trough
Population history of a hydrothermal vent-endemic snail Alviniconcha hessleri in the Mariana Trough
Hydrothermal activity in the Okinawa Trough backarc basin -geological background and hydrothermal mineralization-
Active rifting structures in Iheya Graben and adjacent area of the mid-Okinawa Trough observed through seismic reflection surveys
ESR dating of barite in sea-floor hydrothermal sulfide deposits in the Okinawa Trough
Fluid geochemistry of high-temperature hydrothermal fields in the Okinawa Trough
Sediment‒pore water system associated with native sulfur formation at Jade hydrothermal field in Okinawa Trough
Comparative investigation of microbial communities associated with hydrothermal activities in the Okinawa Trough
In situ determination of bacterial growth in mixing zone of hydrothermal vent field on the Hatoma Knoll, Southern Okinawa Trough
Vent Fauna in the Okinawa Trough
Brief report of side-scan sonar observations around the Yokoniwa NTO massif
Examination of volcanic activity: AUV and submersible observations of fine-scale lava flow distributions along the Southern Mariana Trough spreading axis
Brief report of side-scan sonar imagery observations of the Archaean, Pika, and Urashima hydrothermal sites
The Yoron Hole: the shallowest hydrothermal site in the Okinawa Trough
The Irabu Knoll: Hydrothermal site at the eastern edge of the Yaeyama Graben
Tarama Knoll: Geochemical and biological profiles of hydrothermal activity
Petrography and geochemistry of basement rocks drilled from Snail, Yamanaka, Archean, and Pika hydrothermal fields at the Southern Mariana Trough by Benthic Multi-coring System (BMS)
Pore fluid chemistry beneath active hydrothermal fields in the mid-Okinawa Trough: Results of shallow drilling by BMS during TAIGA11 cruise
The characteristics of the seafloor massive sulfide deposits at the Hakurei Site in the Izena Hole, the Middle Okinawa Trough
Occurrence of hydrothermal alteration minerals at the Jade hydrothermal field, in the Izena Hole, mid-Okinawa Trough
Geochemistry of hydrothermal fluids collected from active hydrothermal systems in the southern Mariana Trough backarc spreading center
Gamma ray doses in water around sea floor hydrothermal area in South Mariana
226Ra-210Pb and 228Ra-228Th dating of barite in submarine hydrothermal sulfide deposits collected at Okinawa Trough and South Mariana Trough
OSL dating of sea floor sediments at the Okinawa Trough
Immediate change of radiation doses from hydrothermal deposits
Periodic behavior of deep sea current in the Hatoma Knoll hydrothermal system
The gelatinous macroplankton community at the Hatoma Knoll hydrothermal vent.
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登録日 2020.06.27
更新日 2020.12.23