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Open Questions in Quantum Physics : Invited Papers on the Foundations of Microphysics

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概要 Due to its extraordinary predictive power and the great generality of its mathematical structure, quantum theory is able, at least in principle, to describe all the microscopic and macroscopic propert...ies of the physical world, from the subatomic to the cosmological level. Nevertheless, ever since the Copen hagen and Gottingen schools in 1927 gave it the definitive formu lation, now commonly known as the orthodox interpretation, the theory has suffered from very serious logical and epistemologi cal problems. These shortcomings were immediately pointed out by some of the principal founders themselves of quantum theory, to wit, Planck, Einstein, Ehrenfest, Schrodinger, and de Broglie, and by the philosopher Karl Popper, who assumed a position of radical criticism with regard to the standard formulation of the theory. The aim of the participants in the workshop on Open Questions in Quantum Physics, which was held in Bari (Italy), in the Department of Physics of the University, during May 1983 and whose Proceedings are collected in the present volume, accord ingly was to discuss the formal, the physical and the epistemo logical difficulties of quantum theory in the light of recent crucial developments and to propose some possible resolutions of three basic conceptual dilemmas, which are posed respectively ~: (a) the physical developments of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen argument and Bell's theorem, i. e.続きを見る
目次 1. Quantum Mechanics, Reality and Separability: Physical Developments of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Argument
Realism in Quantum Mechanics and a New Version of the EPR Experiment
Discussion: M. Cini, F. De Martini, K. Kraus, T.W. Marshall, K.R. Popper, H. Rauch, M.C. Robinson, F. Selleri, J. Six, G. Tarozzi, J.-P. Vigier.
The Physical Origin of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox
Does the Bell Inequality Hold for All Local Theories?
Is it Possible to Save Causality and Locality in Quantum Mechanics?
Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Experiments and Macroscopic Locality
On the Compatibility of Local Realism with Atomic Cascade Experiments
Is the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox Demanded by Quantum Mechanics?
Infinite Wave Resolution of the EPR Paradox
On Non Local Influences
Einstein Locality for Individual Systems and for Statistical Ensembles
Can Nondetected Photons Simulate Nonlocal Effects in Two-Photon Polarization Correlation Experiments?
2. The Stochastic Interpretation of Quantum Processes
Quantum Theory of Measurement without Wave Packet Collapse
A Causal Fluidodynamical Model for the Relativistic Quantum Mechanics
On the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation
Recent Developments in de Broglie Nonlinear Wave Mechanics
The Role of the Quantum Potential in Determining Particle Trajectories and the Resolution of the Measurement Problem
When is Statistical Theory Causal?
Radiation Damping and Nonlinearity in the Pilot Wave Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics
Stochastic Electrodynamics and the Bell Inequalities
Nonlocal Quantum-Potential Interpretation of Relativistic Actions at a Distance in Many-Body Problems
3. The Realistic Interpretation of the Wave Function: Experimental Tests on the Wave-Particle Dualism
Third Kind Measurements and Wave-Particle Dualism
Quantum Effects in the Interference of Light
Tests of Quantum Mechanics by Neutron Interferometry
A Unified Experiment for Testing both the Interpretation and the Reduction Postulate of the Quantum Mechanical Wave Function
Epilogue
Evolutionary Epistemology.
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登録日 2020.06.27
更新日 2020.06.28