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Observational Tests of Cosmological Inflation

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概要 This book represents the proceedings from the NATO sponsored Advanced Research Workshop entitled "Observational Tests of Inflation" held at the University of Durham, England on the 10th-14th December,... 1990. In recent years, the cosmological inflation model has drawn together the worlds of particle physics, theoretical cosmology and observational astronomy. The aim of the workshop was to bring together experts in all of these fields to discuss the current status of the inflation theory and its observational predictions. The simplest inflation model makes clear predictions which are testable by astronomical observation. Foremost is the prediction that the cosmological density parameter, no, should have a value negligibly different from the critical, Einstein-de Sitter value of 00=1. The other main prediction is that the spectrum of primordial density fluctuations should be Gaussian and take the Harrison-Zeldovich form. The prediction that n =l, in patticular, leads to several important consequences o for cosmology. Firstly, there is the apparent contradiction with the limits on baryon density from Big Bang nucleosynthesis which has led to the common conjecture that weakly interacting particles rather than baryons may form the dominant mass constituent of the Universe. Secondly, with n =l, the age of the Universe is uncomfortably short if o the Hubble constant and the ages of the oldest star clusters lie within their currently believed limits.続きを見る
目次 I. Inflation Theory
Fundamental Arguments for Inflation
Predictions of Inflation
Classicality of Density Perturbations in the Early Universe
The Influence of Non-Linear Density Fluctuations on the Microwave Sky
Quantum Cosmology and the Cosmological Constant
Lessons from Inflation and Cold Dark Matter
The Topology of Galaxy Clustering
Can Non-Gaussian Fluctuations for Structure Formation Arise from Inflation
Non-Baryonic Dark Matter
Are Galactic Halos Made of Brown Dwarfs or Black Holes
II. Cosmological Timescale Test
Ages of Globular Clusters
Globular Cluster Ages and Cosmology
The Local Distance Scale: How Reliable Is It
Distances to Virgo and Beyond
The Luminosity-Line-Width Relations and the Value of Ho
Observational Status of HO
Calibrating Cepheid Sequences in Nearby Galaxies
New D-? Results for Coma Ellipticals
Novae and the Distance Scale
A High Resolution, Ground Based Observation of a Virgo Galaxy
Globular Clusters as Extragalactic Distance Indicators
III. High Redshift Tests of ?o
High-Redshift Tests of ?
Cosmology with Galaxies at High Redshifts
Prospects for Measuring the Deceleration Parameter
Aligned Radio Galaxies
K Band Galaxy Counts and the Cosmological Geometry
Selection Effects in Redshift Surveys
An Inflationary Alternative to the Big-Bang
IV. Galaxy Clustering, ?o and the Primordial Spectrum
Dynamical Estimates of ?o from Galaxy Clustering
ROSAT Observations of Clusters of Galaxies
A Deep ROSAT Observation at High Galactic Latitude
Large Scale Structure and Inflation
The Structure of the Universe on Large Scales
Testing the Zeldovich Spectrum
? on the Scale of 3Mm/s
Tests of Inflation Using the QDOT Redshift Survey
Testing Inflation with Peculiar Velocities
The Invisible Cosmological Constant
Support for Inflation from the Great Attractor
The Angular Large Scale Structure
Is There Any Observational Evidence for Non- Gaussian Primordial Density Fluctuations
V. Microwave Background Anisotropy
COBE DMR Observations of CMB Anisotropy
Observations of Microwave Background Anisotropy at Tenerife and Cambridge
Foreground Effects and the Search for Fluctuations in the CMB Radiation
Microwave Background Anisotropics and Large Scale Structure in the Universe
Discovery of the Small Scale Sky Anisotropy at 2.7cm: Radio Sources or Relic Emission
Balloon-Borne Observations of CMB Anisotropics at Intermediate Angular Scales, at Sub-MM and MM Wavelengths
VI. Poster Papers
The Durham/UKST Galaxy Redshift Survey
Time Evolution of Lensed Image Separations
Deep Galactic Surveys as Probes of the Large Scale Structure of the Universe
Intergalactic Absorption in the Spectra of High-Redshift QSOs
A Complete Quasar Sample at Intermediate Redshift
Radio-Luminosity Dependence of the IR-Radio Alignment Effect in High-z Radio Galaxies
Density and Peculiar Velocity Fields in the Region of Dressler's Supergalactic Plane Survey
Scale Invariance Induced by Non-linear Growth of Density Fluctuations
The Power Spectrum of Galaxy Clustering
Higher Moments of the IRAS Galaxy Distribution
Collapse of a Protogalactic Cloud
Index of Authors.
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登録日 2020.06.27
更新日 2020.06.28