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Monopole '83

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概要 Ten years have passed since It Hooft and Polyakov demonstrat ed that superheavy magnetic monopoles were a natural consequence of any Grand Unified Theory (GUT) in which the unifying group contains a U...(l) factor as a subgroup. An analysis of these GUTs in an expanding, cooling universe yields a phase transition at an energy ~l015 GeV and at a cosmic time ~lO-35 seconds after the big bang. The general consequences of GUTs and this phase transition are the prediction of proton decay, the production of superheavy magnetic monopoles, and an understanding of the observed excess of matter over anti-matter in the universe. Attempts to provide experimental verification of GUTs has led to valiant experimental efforts in recent years to observe nucleon decay in massive underground detectors. Experiments to search for superheavy monopoles may eventually require similar efforts. Since the unification scale is unreachable in the laboratory, monopole detectors must search for relics of the big bang. Much theoretical groundwork has been accomplished in recent years with the development of GUTs. In Part I of this book, Erick Weinberg gives a theoretical overview of the role of magnetic monopoles in the various unification schemes. Monopoles in the context of the newly revived Kaluza-Klein theories are presented by several authors and are summarized by Qaisar Shafi. Mike Turner begins Part II with a discussion of monopoles in standard big bang cosmology. Paul Steinhardt follows with his perspectives on the inflationary universe; C.続きを見る
目次 I: Monopoles and Particle Theories
Monopoles and Grand Unification
Nonabelian Monopoles Break Color
The Scales and Upper Bounds of Classical Monopole Solutions
Kaluza-Klein Theories and the Dirac Monopole
A 5-Dimensional Monopole
Magnetic Monopoles in Grand Unified and Kaluza-Klein Theories
Black Holes in Compactified Supergravity
Magnetic Monopoles in Purely Fermionic Models
Summary of Discussion on GUTs and Kaluza-Klein Theories
II: Monopoles and Astrophysics
Superheavy Magnetic Monopoles and the Standard Cosmology
Progress and Prospects for the Inflationary Universe
Primordial Inflation and the Monopole Problem
Kaluza-Klein Cosmology
Galactic Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Monopoles
Neutron Star Physics and Monopole Flux Limits
Monopoles in Pulsar PSR 1929+10
Monopole Contamination of Normal Sequence Stars
Magnetic Monopoles in a Magnetic Universe
III: Monopole Catalysis of Nucleon Decay
Catalysis Without Tears
Conservation Laws in the Monopole-Fermion System
Monopoles with Zn Charges
Interactions of Fermions with Spherically Symmetric Monopoles
On the QFT of Monopole Induced Baryon Number Violating Processes Including Non-Abelian Forces
A Friedel Sum Rule for the Dyon Charge
Monopole Catalysis: An Overview
Monopole Catalyzed Nucleon Decay: The Astrophysical Connection
Experimental Limits on Monopole Catalysis of Nucleon Decay
IV: Monopole Interaction Mechanisms
Excitation of Simple Atoms by Slow Magnetic Monopoles
The Coupling Between Magnetic Charges and Magnetic Moments
Binding of Nuclei to Monopoles
Vacuum Anti-Shielding of Monopoles
Monoponucleosis-The Wonderful Things That Monopoles Can Do To Nuclei If They Are There
Coherent, Co-operative Aspects of Monopole and Matter Interaction
V: Monopole Detection Techniques
The Physics of Monopole Detection
A Search for GUT Monopoles with Mica Track Etch Detectors
On the Feasibility of Infrared Phosphors in Super-Slow Particle Searches
A Study of Acoustic Detectability of Magnetic Monopoles
The Caltech Prototype Scintillator Monopole Detector
Detectors for Rare Events
Neutrino Oscillations and Neutrino Astronomy in a Large Flat Detector
VI: Induction Techniques and Experiments
Report on Stanford Superconductive Monopole Detectors
Monopole Search at IBM: Present Status and Future Plans
First Results from the Chicago-Fermilab-Michigan Cosmic Ray Magnetic Monopole Detector
The Imperial College Monopole Detector
Monopole Detector Studies at NBS
Zero-Quantum Superconducting Magnetic Shield
The Straight Wire Monopole Detector
Noise Considerations in a 'Room Temperature' Induction Technique Magnetic Monopole Detector
Squid Fluxmeter Search for Monopoles in 400 kg of Old Iron Ore
A Detector for Relic Monopoles Trapped in Magnetic Ores
A Summary of Induction Detectors and Techniques
VII: Ionization/Excitation Experiments
A Search for GUT Monopoles with a Single Thick Scintillator at Sea Level
Use of Large Volume Liquid Scintillator for Monopole Detection
Monopole Search and Neutrino Astrophysics with Liquid Scintillation Detectors
Status of the Texas A & M GUT Monopole Search
A Scintillator-Proportional Counter Search For Monopoles
Monopole Flux Limits from the Soudan I Experiment
A Search for Magnetic Monopoles in the Mont Blanc Nucleon Decay Apparatus
Monopole Search with the Frejus Tunnel Nucleon Lifetime Experiment
A Monopole Search Using an Accelerator Detector
Experimental Searches for Magnetic Monopoles at Particle Colliders
Ionization Detector for Cabrera's Monopole Experiments
Review of Monopole Detection by Ionization/Excitation Techniques
VIII: Conference Highlights and Summation
Experimental Situation
Monopoles in 1983
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登録日 2020.06.27
更新日 2020.06.28