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Microcluster Physics

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概要 Microcluster Physics provides a lucid account of the fundamental physics of all types of microclusters, outlining the dynamics and static properties of this new phase of matter, which is intermediate ...between a solid and a molecule. Since the original book was published in 1991, the field of microclusters has experienced surprising developments, which are reviewed in this new edition: the determination of atomic structure, spontaneous alloying, the super-shell, fission, fragmentation, evaporation, magnetism, fullerenes, nanotubes, atomic structure of large silicon clusters, superfluidity of He clusters, water clusters in liquid, electron correlation and optimizsation of the geometry, and scattering.続きを見る
目次 1. What are Microclusters?
1.1 Constituent Small Particles of Material
1.2 Division of the Materials
1.3 Shell Periodicity of Atomic Structure
2. Dynamics of Atomic Structure
2.1 Solid-like, Liquid-like, or Fluctuating?
2.2 Coexistence of Solid-like and Liquid-like Phases
2.3 Fluctuating States and Permutation Isomers
2.4 Monte-Carlo Simulations
2.5 Spontaneous Alloying
3. Shell Structure of Metal Clusters
3.1 Magic Numbers
3.2 The Jellium Model
3.3 Theory of Shell Correction
3.4 Deformation
3.5 Fission
3.6 Shell Structure in Large Metal Clusters
4. Other Properties of Metal Clusters
4.1 Non-Empirical Calculation of Alkali-Metal Clusters
4.2 Electronic Structure of Noble-Metal Clusters
4.3 Magnetic Properties of Transition-Metal Clusters
4.4 Oscillatory Magnetic Moments of Nickel Clusters
4.5 Divalent-Metal Clusters
4.6 Trivalent-Metal Clusters, AlN
5. Semiconductor Clusters
5.1 Carbon Clusters
5.2 Stabilities of Silicon and Germanium Clusters
5.3 Nonempirical Calculations for Si6 and Si10
5.4 Force and Vidal Analysis of Larger Silicon Clusters
5.5 Recent Nonempirical Calculations for Large Silicon Clusters
6. Rare-Gas Clusters
6.1 The Magic Numbers for Packing
6.2 Helium Clusters
7. Molecular Clusters
7.1 Photoionization of Ammonia Clusters
7.2 Ion-Centered Cage Structure
7.3 Water Clusters
7.4 Negatively Charged Water Clusters
7.5 Electron Attachment to van der Waals Clusters
8. Chemical Bonds and Related Topics
8.1 Effects of Electron Correlation, and the Optimization of Geometry on Magnetism
8.2 Synthetic Chemistry in a Cluster Beam
8.3 Generation of a Latent Image
8.4 Van der Waals and Metallic Mercury Clusters
8.5 Scattering of Microclusters
References.
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登録日 2020.06.27
更新日 2020.06.28