<電子ブック>
Crystal Defects and Crystalline Interfaces

責任表示
著者
本文言語
出版者
出版年
出版地
概要 It is nonnal for the preface to explain the motivation behind the writing of the book. Since many good books dealing with the general theory of crystal defects already exist, a new book has to be espe...cially justified, and here its main justification lies in its treatment of crystal line interfaces. About 1961, the work of the author, essentially based on the fundamental work of Professor F. C. Frank, started to branch away from the main flow of thought in this field and eventually led to a general geometrical theory which is presented as a whole for the first time in this book. Although nearly all that is presented has already been published in different journals and symposia, it might be difficult for the reader to follow that literature, as a new terminology and new methods of analysis had to be developed. Special emphasis is given to discussion and many diagrams are included in order that a clear view of the basic concepts be obtained. Intennediate summaries try to bring out the main points of the chapters. Instead of specific exercises, general suggestions for them are given. The part up to chapter 9 is considered more or less as introductory, so that the book can be studied without specific knowledge of crystals and crystal defects. The presentation of that part developed out of lectures given by the author at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich.続きを見る
目次 1. Introduction
1.1. The Significance of Crystal Defects
1.2. The Nature of Crystal Defects
2. General Aspects of the Structure of Crystals
2.1. Outline
2.2. Mathematical Description of the Crystal
2.3. Classification of Crystal Structures
3. Some Special Crystal Structures
3.1. Outline
3.2. Close-Packed Structures
3.3. The Face-Centred Cubic Structure
3.4. The NaCl-Structure
3.5. The Diamond Structure
3.6. The Body-Centred Cubic Structure
3.7. The Close-Packed Hexagonal Structure
3.8. The Graphite Structure
3.9. Irregularities in the Stacking Sequence
3.10. Energy of Stacking Faults
3.11. Fibrous Structures
Chapters 2-3. Summary and Discussion
4. Point Defects
4.1. General Considerations of the Field of Point Defects
5. The Individual Dislocation: Geometrical Basis
5.1. Outline
5.2. Definition of the Dislocation Line and the Burgers Vector
5.3. Relative Orientation of b and l
5.4. Motion of Dislocations
5.5. Dislocations and Moiré-Figures
6. Interaction Between a Dislocation and its Surroundings
6.1. Outline
6.2. Representation of the Stress Field
6.3. Forces Acting on a Dislocation
6.4. Energy of a Dislocation
6.5. The Line Tension
6.6. The Strain Field of a Dislocation
6.7. The Stress Field of a Dislocation
Chapters 5-6. Summary and Discussion
7. The Interaction of Dislocations
7.1. Outline
7.2. Interaction Between two Parallel Screw Dislocations
7.3. Interaction Between two Parallel Edge Dislocations
7.4. Dislocation Reactions
7.5. Dislocation Reactions in Special Crystal Structures
8. Partial Dislocations
8.1. Outline
8.2. Partial Dislocations in the Face-Centred Cubic Structure
8.3. The Sequence of Partial Dislocations
8.4. Transformation of the Face-Centred Cubic - into the Close-Packed Hexagonal Structure
9. Dualistic Representation of Dislocation Reactions
9.1. Introduction
9.2. The Significance of the b-Net
9.3. The Prediction of Dislocation Reactions
9.4. Dislocation Reactions Involving Partial Dislocations
9.5. Thompson's Notation of the Burgers Vectors
Chapters 7-9. Summary and Discussion
10. Short Description of the Relations Between Dislocations and Point Defects, and Dislocation Dynamics
10.1. Dislocations and Point Defects
10.2. Dislocation Dynamics
11. Dislocation Networks - Subgrain Boundaries
11.1. Introduction
11.2. Frank's Formula
11.3. Classification of Subgrain Boundaries
11.4. 'Special' Subgrain Boundaries
11.5. Foreign Dislocations
11.6. 'General' Subgrain Boundaries
11.7. The Energy of a Subgrain Boundary
11.8. Some Considerations of Recrystallization
11 9 Limiting Cases
11.10. Dualistic Representation in Three Dimensions
11. Summary and Discussion
12. General Geometrical Theory of Crystalline Interfaces
12.1. Introduction
12.2. The Coincidence-Site Lattice
12.3. The O-Lattice
12.4. The O-Lattice and Frank's Formula
12.5. The b-Lattice
12.6. Various Aspects of the 0-Points
12.7. The Actual Formulation of the Transformation A
12.8. Choice Between Various Possible Transformations A
12.9. Solutions of the Basic Equation
12.10. The Behaviour of the O-Lattice upon Translation of Lattice 2
12.11. Translation of the O-Lattice for the Case of Rank (T) < 3
12.12. Subdivision of the Crystal Space into Cells
12. Summary and Discussion
13. Applications of the O-Lattice Theory
13.1. Outline
13.2. Example of an Optimum Phase Boundary
13.3. The Periodicity of the Pattern of Lattice Points
13.4. Displacement of the Pattern
13.5. Dislocation Networks in General Crystalline Interfaces
14. Completion of the Linear O-Lattice Theory and Extension to Non-Linear Problems
14.1. Outline
14.2. Dislocations and Burgers Vectors in Crystalline Interfaces
14.3. Non-Linear Problems
Chapters 13-14. Summary and Discussion
A 1 Matrix Calculation Procedures
A 2 Moiré-Models
A 3 The Direct Observation of Crystal Defects
References
Sources of the Illustrations.
続きを見る
本文を見る Full text available from SpringerLink ebooks - Physics and Astronomy (Archive)

詳細

レコードID
主題
SSID
eISBN
登録日 2020.06.27
更新日 2020.06.28