<電子ブック>
Crosslinking and Scission in Polymers

責任表示
著者
本文言語
出版者
出版年
出版地
関連情報
概要 MOLECULAR WEIGHr CHANGES AND NE1WORK FORMATION BY SCISSION AND CROSSUNKING A. Charlesby 1 Introduction Main Chain Scission of Polymers ____________________________ _ ________________________ _ 1 Cross...linking ______ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __ . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . ___ . . _. __ . . . . _. _. _____ . _____ . _ 4 5 Random Crosslinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Enhanced Crosslinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Other Forms of Crosslinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Combined Crosslinking and Scission ___________ _________________ ______ _ ______________ . _. _. 11 Antioxidants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Fillers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . __ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __ . . . 12 Crosslinking of Polymers in Solution ________________________________ . . ______________ . . . . __ 12 References _. __ _ 13 HIGH ENERGY RADIATION-AND UV UGHr-INDUCED CROSSLINKING AND CHAIN SCISSION w. Schnabel Introduction 15 Importance of Radiation-Induced Crosslinking and Main-Chain Scission in Linear Polymers ___________________________ _________________ 15 TYPes of Radiation and Radiation Sources _. ___________________________ . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . _. _. _ . . __ . . . 16 Absorption of Radiation . . _ . . . . _ . . . . . . _ . . _ . . __ . _ . . . . . . . . ____ . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . __ . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . _ . . . . . . _ . . . _ . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . __ . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . _____ . . . . . . . . . ___ . . . 16 General Aspects Concerning XL and CS in Linear Polymers ______________________ . _________ . _____ . _____ 22 Random and Specific Site Attacks . . . . . . . _. ____ . _ . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . __ . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . ___ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . _ . . . . . __ . . . . _ . . . . . . _ . . . . __ . ___ . . . . . . . . . . __ . . _ 22 Detection of XL and CS . . . _. _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _. __ . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . ___ . . . . . . . __ . . . _ . . . _ . . . . . . . . ____ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . _ . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __ . . . . . _ . . . . _ . . . . . _. _ . . . . _ . . . . . . . 22 Simultaneous XL and CS Mechanisms 25 Ion Beam-Induced Radiation Effects In Linear Polymers ____________________________________________________ .続きを見る
目次 Molecular Weight Changes and Network Formation by Scission and Crosslinking
Main Chain Scission of Polymers
Crosslinking
Random Crosslinking
Enhanced Crosslinking
Other Forms of Crosslinking
Combined Crosslinking and Scission
Antioxidants
Fillers
Crosslinking of Polymers in Solution
References
High Energy Radiation-and UV Light-Induced Crosslinking and Chain Scission
Importance of Radiation-Induced Crosslinking and Main-Chain Scission in Linear Polymers
Types of Radiation and Radiation Sources
Absorption of Radiation
General Aspects Concerning XL and CS in Linear Polymers
Random and Specific Site Attacks
Detection of XL and CS
Simultaneous XL and CS Mechanisms
Ion Beam-Induced Radiation Effects in Linear Polymers
X-Ray-Induced Radiation Effects in Linear Polymers
References
Main-Chain Scission of Linear Polymers as Studied by Pulse Radiolysis and Flash Photolysis
Studies on the Dynamics of Macromolecules in Solution
Studies Concerning Intramolecular Interactions
Studies Concerning Preferential Solvation
Studies Concerning the Dynamics of Polynucleotides
Detachment of DNA Double Strands
Lifetime of Salt Bridges
Concluding Remarks
References
Carbon 13 NMR of Gamma-Irradiated Polyethylenes
Carbon 13 NMR of Polyethylene
Severe Melt Processing of Polyethylene
Irradiation of Polyethylene-Solution NMR
Carbon 13 NMR of n-Hexatriacontane
Carbon 13 NMR Spectra of NBS 1475 before and after 60Co Gamma Irradiation
Carbon 13 NMR Spectra of Marlex 6003 before and after 60Co Gamma Irradiation
Irradiation of Polyethylene-NMR of the Solid State
Summary
Acknowledgements
References
The Use of Pulsed NMR to Determine Network Formation by Crosslinking and Entanglement
References
Methods for Studying the Effects of High-Energy Irradiation on the Mechanical and Electric Properties of Polymers
Mechanical Properties
Modulus and Compliance
Ultimate Mechanical Properties
Recovery
Electrical Properties
Multiple Transitions and Molecular Mobilities
Physical Ageing
Experimental Technique and Examples
Time-Domain Techniques
Frequency-Domain Methods
Temperature-Domain Methods
Thermally Stimulated Electrical Current-Fluctuations
Conclusions
References
Thermally Stimulated Discharge and Dielectric Measurements of Cure in Resins and Gelled Materials
Influence of Gelation of Polar Media
Interfacial Regions in Copolymer Systems
Phase Separation Processes
Conclusion
Recommended Reading
Ultrasonic and Viscoelastic Studies of Chain Entanglement in Polymer Solutions
Dynamic Properties of Isolated Polymer Chains in Solution
Ultrasonic Relaxation Measurements on Polymer Solutions
Viscoelastic Processes
Ultrasonic Studies of Entangled Polymer Systems
Phase Separation in SBS Solutions
Ultrasonic Studies of Network Formation in Rigid Networks
Recommended Reading
Specific Papers
Determination of Cross-Link Density in Amorphous Networks by Stress-Strain-Swelling Experiments
Molecular Constitution of a Network
Macroscopic Deformation
Microscopic Deformation
The Elastic Free Energy of the Single Chain and the Network
The Affine Network Model
The Phantom Network Model
Stress-Strain Relations for the Phantom and Affine Network Models in Simple Tension
The Constrained Junction Theory of Networks
Determination of the Degree of Cross-Linking by Equilibrium Swelling Measurements
Numerical Example of Cross-Link Density Calculation
Deviations From Ideal Network Behavior
Conclusions and Discussion
References
Formation and Properties of Thermosetting and High Tg Systems
The Time-Temperature-Transformation (TTT) Isothermal Cure Diagram
Anomalous Properties Versus Extent of Cure
The Continuous Heating Time-Temperature-Transformation (CHT) Cure Diagram
Linear Polymerization and the TTT Diagram
Solvent-Based Reactive Systems and the TTT Diagram
The Glass Transition Temperature, Tg, as a Characterizing Parameter for Reactive Systems
Torsion Pendulum (TP) and Torsional Braid Analysis (TBA): Techniques for Characterizing the Cure and Properties of Thermosetting Systems
TP/TBA-Modes
Instrumentation
Applications
Acknowledgement
References
Dynamic Shear Compliance of Polymer Melts and Networks
The Master Curve and its Analysis
The Meander Superstructure and its Shear Deformation Modes
Viscoelasticity of Polymer Fractions and Binary Blends in the Melt
The Shear Compliance of Polymer Networks in Dependence on Crosslink Density
The Glass Relaxation Process
The Shearband Process
The Effect of Filler on the Dynamic Shear Compliance
Conclusion
Acknowledgement
References
Paraelasticity of Organic Colloid Systems
Paraelastic Relaxation Strength
Clay Organic Complexes
Oriented Stacks of Lipid Lamellae
The n-alkanes in the Waxy State
Polymer Melts and Networks in the Rubbery State (plateau compliance)
Conclusion
Acknowledgement
References
The Use of Size Exclusion Chromatography in the Studies of Crosslinking and Chain Scission in Polymers
Chain Scission
Crosslinking
References.
続きを見る
本文を見る Full text available from SpringerLink ebooks - Physics and Astronomy (Archive)

詳細

レコードID
主題
SSID
eISBN
登録日 2020.06.27
更新日 2020.06.28