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Cosmic Rays, Supernovae and the Interstellar Medium

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概要 The Galactic cosmic rays have far-reaching effects on the interstellar medium, and they are, in turn, profoundly affected by the particles and fields in space. Supernova remnants and their expanding s...hock fronts pervade the Galaxy, heating the interstellar medium, and accelerating the cosmic rays. The interplay among the cosmic rays, the interstellar medium in which they propagate, and supernovae has been investigated for decades; yet these studies have generated as many enigmas as they have resolved. These puzzles continue to challenge observers and theorists alike. th This volume is devoted to selected lectures presented in the 7 Course of the International School of Cosmic-Ray Astrophysics in Erice, Italy in July-August, 1990. Alltogether, some 400 participants have attended the biennial sessions of this School since its inception in 1978. As its name implies, the School deals with cosmic-ray phenomena viewed in the broader context of astrophysics. Students and Lecturers are attracted from many astrophysical disciplines. Like earlier courses in this series, the present one was organized under the aegis of the Ettore Majorana Centre as a NATO Advanced Study Institute. Given the diverse scientific backgrounds of the students, it was deemed useful to include lectures at the introductory level. Other lectures and contributed talks were at a more advanced level, featuring new developments. If this collection is useful pedagogically, and if it provides some stimulus and information for the mature research worker, then the editors will feel well rewarded.続きを見る
目次 I. Cosmic Rays and the Interstellar Medium
A Brief Introduction to the Cosmic Radiation
The Composition of the Cosmic Rays: An Update
Interstellar Dust-Gas Relationships
Dust, Gas and Cosmic Rays in the Interstellar Medium
Comparison Between Greenberg and Mathis Models of Grains for the H2 Formation Induced by Cosmic Rays
II. Supernovae, Acceleration, Propagation and Source Composition
Shock Acceleration of Cosmic Rays
Source Composition, Sites of Origin And Acceleration of Cosmic Rays
Cosmic-Ray Age and the Interstellar Medium
The Production of Antiprotons in the Interstellar Gas by Propagating Cosmic Rays
The Source Composition of Galactic Cosmic Rays and the Condensation Process of the Elements in Circumstellar and Interstellar Gases
The Distribution of Supernova Remnants in the Galaxy
Gamma Rays from Supernova 1987A
Acceleration of Cosmic Rays at Young Supernova Remnants
The Effect of Relativistic Particle Beams on the Evolution of Supernova Envelopes: Self-Consistent Solutions
Radio Spectral Variations in the Cygnus Loop
III. Gamma Rays and Their Role as Cosmic Ray Tracers
Gamma Ray Astrophysics at Energies up to 10 Gev
Vhe and UHE Gamma Ray Sources
Gamma-Rays from Electron, Proton Beam Interactions with Matter and/or Radiation: Application to Cygx-L, Geminga, and 3C273
Gamma Rays and Neutrinos from Accretion Processes onto Collapsed Objects: Application to 3C273
Nearby Galaxies in Highenergy Gamma Rays
IV. Ultra-Energetic Cosmic Nuclei
Cosmic Rays at the Highest Energies
Participants
Author Index.
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登録日 2020.06.27
更新日 2020.06.28