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Anthropometry and Biomechanics : Theory and Application

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概要 Assessment of the physical dimensions of the human body and application of this knowledge to the design of tools, equip ment, and work are certainly among the oldest arts and sciences. It would be an ...easy task if all anthropometric dimensions, of all people, would follow a general rule. Thus, philosophers and artists embedded their ideas about the most aesthetic proportions into ideal schemes of perfect proportions. "Golden sections" were developed in ancient India, China, Egypt, and Greece, and more recently by Leonardo DaVinci, or Albrecht Durer. However, such canons are fictive since actual human dimensions and proportions vary greatly among individuals. The different physical appearances often have been associated with mental, physiological and behavioral characteristics of the individuals. Hypocrates (about 460-377 BC) taught that there are four temperaments (actually, body fluids) represented by four body types. The psychiatrist Ernst Kretchmer (1888-1964) proposed that three typical somatotypes (pyknic, athletic, aesthenic) could reflect human character traits. Since the 1940's, W. H. Sheldon and his coworkers devised a system of three body physiques (endo-, meso-, ectomorphic). The classification was originally qualitative, and only recently has been developed to include actual measurements.続きを見る
目次 Opening Address
Postural Research - The Next Challenge to Anthropometrics and Biomechanics
Session I: Data Acquisition Methods
Fundamentals of Anthropometric Survey Measurement Techniques
Evolution of the Techniques of Data Collecting and Processing in Biometry
Results of Large-Scale Anthropometrie Surveys
The Human Machine in Three Dimensions: Implications for Measurement and Analysis
An Anthropometric Data Bank: Its Hidden Dimensions
Session II: Anthropometric Data Bases
Present and Future Needs for Anthropometric Data Bases
Anthropometric and Biomechanical Data Acquisition and Application to Rehabilitation Engineering
Anthropometry of Mentally and Physically Handicapped Persons Employed in Productive Occupations
Progress and Prospects in Human Biometry; Evolution of the Measurement Techniques and Data Handling Methods
Session III: Models of Anthropometric Data
Biomechanical Computer Modeling for the Design and Evaluation of Work Stations
User Needs in Computerised Man Models
Some Computational Problems in Developing Computerized Man-Models
Empirical Models of Individuals and Population Maximum Reach Capability
Issues in the Statistical Modeling of Anthropometric Data for Workplace Design
Session IV: Maximum Voluntary Exertion Data
Overview of Methods to Assess Voluntary Exertions
Postural Considerations in Maximum Voluntary Exertion
Standardized Strength Testing Methods for Population Descriptions
Evaluation of Controlled Static Exertions in Various Muscle Groups
On-Site Maximum Voluntary Exertion Measurements and Job Evaluation
Session V: Models of Biomechanical Data
New Perspectives and Needs in Biomechanical Modelling
The Development and Use of Biomechanical Strength Models
The Validity of Biomechanical Models of Volitional Activities
Development of a Biomechanical Hand Model for Study of Manual Activities
Factor Analytic Approach to Biomechanical Modeling
Session VI: Applications I
Workspace Evaluation and Design: USAF Drawing Board Manikins and the Development of Cockpit Geometry Design Guides
Somatography in Workspace Design
A Systems Approach to Long Term Task Seating Design
Evaluation of Chairs Used by Air Traffic Controllers of the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration-Implications for Design
Biomechanical and Engineering Anthropometry Considerations for the Assessment of Amputees' Work Performance
Session VII: Applications II
Anthropometric and Strength Data in Tool Design
Container and Handle Design for Manual Handling
Application of Dynamic Testing and Anthropometic Computer Modeling in Design of an Aircraft/ Ejection Escape System
The Collection and Application of Anthropometric Data for Domestic and Industrial Standards
Computer Aided Crew Station Design for the NASA Space Shuttle
Session VIII: Future Needs and Perspectives
Postural Considerations in Workspace Design
Anthropometric and Biomechanical Considerations in Government Regulations
Extending the State of the Art in Anthropometry and Biomechanics.
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登録日 2020.06.27
更新日 2020.06.28