<紀要論文>
旧韓国における居留邦人の教育

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概要 Emigration of the Japanese to the Korean peninsula started with the opening of Pusan Harbor in 1877. The population of the Japanese immigrants rapidly increased at the time of Sino-Japanese war and Ru...sso-Japanese war, reaching 170,000 when Japan annexed Korea in 1910. Based on the idea that a security system, medical institutions with the latest equipment, and elementary schools were the minimum necessary for emigration, elementary schools for the Japanese children were established successively, numbring 128 in 1910. Other types of schools including three girls' high schools, one middle school, two industrial schools, and one professional school were established as well. This article will examine the history of Japanese schools in late Choson and discuss its characteristics, which could be summarized as follows: 1) The establishment of Japanese elementary schools took various forms. While most of them were established by Japanese immigrant associations, great contributions was made by Japanese Buddhist sects (Higashi Honganji and Jodoshu in particular) at the beginning. 2) Some Japanese elementary schools started temporarily as a part of the services provided by "Japanese language schools," which were educational institutions for Koreans. They later developed into independent bodies. 3) Teachers in Japanese elementary schools participated in the education of Koreans as well. Their activities included "Coeducation of the Japanese ad Korean" programs at Japanese schools, exchange teaching, and duties as the foreign employees of the Korean goverment. 4) During this period Korean language was taught at Japanese schools, mainly higher elementary schools and industrial schools. The practice was abandoned as Japanese became the official language after the annexation.続きを見る

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登録日 2012.11.19
更新日 2017.01.05

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