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イギリスの学校評価における教職員団体の役割

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概要 The purpose of this paper is twofold. Firstly it is to examine the response to school inspection conducted by teacher's organisations, especially by the National Union of Teachers (NUT), thereby recei...ving to its rsearch reports. Secondly it aims to give consideration to the role of such an organisationunder the school evaluation system, hereby including school-self evaluation and school inspection. In 1992 a new school inspection system by the Office for Standard in Education (OFSTED) was introduced to England. Before this system, the school inspection had been conducted by Her Majesty's Inspector (HMI). Teacher's crganisations had evaluated this system as helpful and important for developing teachers' professional motivation. The response to OFSTED school inspection by NUT, however, is very negative. It seems that schools and teachers are being divided into 'good' and 'failed' by the OFSTED inspection, especially by the classroom observation under the OFSTED's limited framework, which has had a big impact. Not only the teachers labeled as 'failed' are gradually losing their self confidence and professional motivation. NUT emphasises school self-evaluation as a strategy against OFSTED's dominant school inspection in order to consider differences betweene schools and to encourage teacher's professional motivation. It's framework respects school own specific circumstances and its indicators are generated and developed by people directly involved, such as pupils, students, teachers, parents, and govenors. But OFSTED has introduced its framework of self-school inspection m 1999 and is trying to make schools use this self-school inspection criteria as their school self-evaluationcriteria. This will make it impossible for schools to use their own self-evaluation criteria and gives OFSTED's inspection system more and more authority. The role of teacher's organisatoins is to continue the empirical research for school self-evaluation to ensure its effect for school improvement and to support teachers who are facing problems in their job. Moreover, it is to continue developing and examining a school self-evaluation framework which is useful to examine OFSTED inspection objectively.続きを見る

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登録日 2012.11.19
更新日 2017.01.05