<紀要論文>
19世紀アメリカにおける女による<母>礼讃言説と<教育> : リディア・ハントリー・シガニー『母への手紙』(1834)をめぐって

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概要 How women have represented <mother> ? This problem has been discussed in history of modern society, family, and education as well as in feminism critique. The recent social studies say modern family i...s the central and useful apparatus for educating modern men. <Mother> is the main existence in modern family with <child>. Women voluntarily make themselves be good <mother>, they say. The mechanism of women's self-formation to <mother> must be clarified. This paper is a case study of the theme. In Antebellum (before Civil War) America, many middle class women began reading and writing. And many books and magazines were published for women. Letters to Mothers, written by Lydia Huntley Sigourney, is one of them. Sigourney, famous as "Sweet Singer of Hartford", wrote enormous sentimental poems and stories, created "the happy mother and home", and showed the model to readers. In Letters to Mothers, "mother" is very "happy" and has "privileges". For "mother" has "precedence", "power", and "faculty of teaching" through "love". But the "privileges" or "usefulness" is showed the first with alternative interest, as contribution to women's beauty or character, and etc. "Mother's love" is not obvious in this book. Women's uneasiness, complaint, or impatience in "mother's" duty are sympathized, and soothed. And though "mother" is thought be important to educate "son" to be "good subject of a just government" (the image of "Republican Mother"), the first role of "mother" is said to educate "daughter" to be suitable to "mother". This paradox appears here and there. "Privilege" of "mother" is the rhetoric of transformation women's uneasiness to strong desire to be a empress of "the Empire of the Mother" (Ryan, M. P.). The way of discipline prevalent in Antebellum America is called "Disciplinary intimacy" (Brodhead, R. H.). It is explained as "enmeshing the child in strong bonds of love is the way authority introduces its change to its imperatives and norms". Letters to Mothers is said " (it) captures to perfection this plan's scheme of nurture and this nurture's intended goal". But we can not say so through detail analysis showed before. This woman's discourse is full of beautiful and ardent rhetoric of covering the sense of unfitness to "happy mother" of women readers. This anxiety about women readers is not appeared in men's discourse. Women's discourses to women readers, popular in this epoch, may be popular for this rhetoric. At least we can say Letters to Mothers is not consisted without this rhetoric.続きを見る
目次 I.<母>と近代-「はじめに」に代えて-,1.<母>という問題領域,2.<母>の表現主体としての女性,II.19世紀アメリカの文芸活動とリディア・ハントリー・シガニー『母への手紙』,1.<母>礼讃言説を「書くこと」,「読むこと」と女性,2.リディア・ハントリー・シガニー:「幸福な家庭生活」の創作とその大量複製,3.『母への手紙』:書誌と構成,III.「幸福な母」:『母への手紙』の読者への配慮と修辞法,1.「母の特権」と「母の愛」の非自明性,(1)「母の幸福」のイメージ,(2)「母の特権」とその「有益性」,(3)「母の愛」についての特論,2.「教育」をめぐる「母」の義務とパラドックス,(1)「母」による「教育」なるもの,(2)「息子」と「娘」の「教育」をめぐる「母」の循環論法,3.「母」役割をめぐる不安・不満から快楽への転化:共感の提示と欲望の喚起,IV.おわりに

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登録日 2009.09.15
更新日 2017.01.05