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Organizational Changes and Nationalism in the Meiji Era : Critical Evaluation of Eleanor Westney's Imitation and Innovation : The Transfer of Western Organizational Patterns to Meiji Japan

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概要 In Imitation and Innovation: The Transfer of Western Organizational Patterns to Meiji Japan, Eleanor Westney analyzes organizational changes in Meiji-era Japan, and concludes that organizational struc...ture reshaped the Japanese tradition. This paper presents detailed criticism of her structural analysis. We argue that these changes were driven by nationalism and the imperial ideology of the Meiji government. Westney's argument is misleading for two reasons. First, she fails to take into account ideological elements which are critical for analyzing organizations in the Meiji period. Second, she does not distinguish central values from peripheral ones. What she calls "changes to traditions" reflect changes only to peripheral values. We further argue that the uniqueness of Meiji-era Japan is the coexistence of two distinct elements: westernization of the social system, and deification of the emperor. These two ingredients correspond to the pragmatic and moral bases of Meiji nationalism.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.09.14
更新日 2017.01.05