<紀要論文>
現代モンゴル語のアスペクトと動詞の限界性

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概要 In this paper, I provide a systematic account of the aspectual meanings of the modern Mongolian converb+bayi- forms (-ju bayi-, -γad bayi-, and -γsaγar bayi-) and highlight issues in the description i...n previous studies. The form -ju bayihas three meanings: progress, result, and state. The form -γad bayi- only expresses the result in the case of a single action and state. The form -γsaγar bayi- has the same meaning as -ju bayi- qualitatively, but the meaning of -γsaγar bayi- is different from that of -ju bayi- quantitatively in that the former expresses an action and state that extend over a prolonged period of time. In this paper, I also argue that the aspectual meanings of the three forms can be predicted by the lexcial meaning of the verb that they combine with, and propose an aspectual classification for modern Mongolian verbs. Firstly, Mongolian verbs are divided into stative and actual verbs, and I call the verbs for which the form -ju bayi- has the same meaning as the morphologically unmarked form stative verbs. Secondly, the actual verbs are sub-divided into telic and atelic verbs, and I call the verbs for which the form -γad bayi- has a resultative meaning telic verbs. Conversely, verbs of the -γad bayi- form that do not have the resultative meaning are called atelic verbs. Thirdly, telic verbs are sub-divided into telic A and telic B, and I call the verbs for which -ju bayi- can express resultativeness telic A, while the verbs for which the form -ju bayi- cannot express resultativeness telic B.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.04.22
更新日 2020.10.09

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