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近世大名の農政展開と社会差別 : 小笠原小倉藩を素材に

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概要 Natural disaster such as a drought or a heavy rain destroys environment of a farm village. On this account farmers poor economically increase and they throw away the cultivated land and come to run aw...ay from a farm village. Decrease of farming population becomes a big burden for daimyo finance. Quantity of agricultural production decreases, and the yield of taxes to the government decreases. The government carries out a policy to relieve a poor farmer. For example, the government provides it with food and money for relief for a farmer temporarily. However, a farmer is not satisfied with a relief system of the temporariness when the government performs it. The relief system that the government holds protects a rich farmer. However, a relief measure is insufficient for a very poor farmer. In other words this relief measure is unequal. On this account a phenomenon that a farmer runs away from a farm village is not finished. Because they think unless enough relief is taken. However, the government must stop such an economic vicious circle. The government takes new means. It is a policy to give new people the abandoned cultivated land. They did work looked down upon and lived a poor life. It is work considered to be vulgar processes the body, and to make Japanese sandals. The people who had been discriminated against got the cultivated land and got possible to earn a stable income. It was the thing that was epoch-making for their history that had own cultivated land. Because they did not have means of main production till now. This is the original policy that is not examined in daimyo territory nearby. However, the people continued discriminating against them even if some their life became rich. Rather I can point out that a discrirr}inatien pollcy was strengthened socially more in the latter half of the Edo era. Social discrimination is not broken off by the economic richness.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.04.22
更新日 2017.07.26