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THE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF HIPPEASTRUM IN RESPONSE TO TEMPERATURE AND CO_2

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概要 Flowering time of Hippeastrum can be controlled by applying specific thermal regime to large sized bulbs. Due to high-energy costs, the aim of this study was to examine the possibility to reduce soil ...heating and keep high bulb growth rate by increasing the CO_2 concentration. Two sets of experiments were carried out in a controlled greenhouse at the North-Western Israeli Negev Desert. In both experiments, bulbs of different initial sizes were grown under two levels of CO_2 concentrations (ambient, 350ppm and elevated, 1000ppm) combined with different minimum soil temperature regimes. In the first experiment three temperature regimes (16℃, 22℃ and 24℃) were tested, while in the second experiment only one minimum soil temperature regime (22℃) was investigated. In both experiments, raising CO_2 concentration from the ambient level to elevated one, or increasing soil temperature resulted in a higher bulb growth rate. Temperatures, CO_2 concentration and initial bulb size significantly influenced the final diameter of the bulbs. A significant difference in final bulb diameter was obtained only between the 16℃ treatment and the 22℃ and 24℃ treatments, but not between the two high temperatures tested. The area of the largest leaf was significantly affected only by the soil temperature treatments. No effect of CO_2 concentration on leaf area development was detected. The number of leaves, however, was affected by the CO_2 but not by the temperatures. Bulbs grown under elevated CO_2 had a higher flowering rate compared to ambient CO_2. This was effective both in shortening the period of time from replanting until flowering and by the significant high number of flowers compared to the ambient CO_2 conditions.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.04.22
更新日 2015.11.06