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UNIFORMITY OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS AND PLANT GROWTH IN A HYDROPONIC CULTURE SYSTEM FOR USE IN A GROWTH ROOM WITH AERIAL CO_2 CONTROL

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概要 A portable system of hydroponic culture was developed that maintained temperature, pH, and nutrient concentrations of circulating nutrient solutions. The hydroponic system is used within a controlled-...environment room (CER) for control of aerial environment. The CER was equipped with an autocalibrating system for atmospheric CO_2 control. The control systems for the hydroponic chambers were able to maintain acidity within±0.2pH units and the temperature with ±0.5℃. Mixing time for the 200-liter volume of solution within a hydroponic chamber was less than 12 min. The CO_2 control system was able to maintain aerial concentrations within ±10ppm CO_2 during the light period. The only gradient found to occur within the hydroponic chambers or CER was a slight gradient in aerial temperature along the length of hydroponic chambers. Growth of soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] was characterized during a 3-week period of vegetative development by leaf number and area, plant dry weight, total N content of plants, and N depletion from the nutrient solution. The growth characteristics among populations for three hydroponic chambers within the CER were not significantly different, and the percent standard errors of means of the measurements within populations from each chamber were nearly all less than 10%. Thus, the uniformity of plant growth reflected the uniformity of environmental conditions.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.04.22
更新日 2015.11.09