<紀要論文>
塩茶を常飲するネパール・チベット移住民の形態学,栄養学,医学に関する追跡研究 : 1990年と1999年の比較

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概要 The purpose of this 10-year follow-up study is to survey a Tibetan immigrant people living at Jawalakhel Refugee Camp, located about 6 km south of the center of Kathmandu, and to compare the residen...ts physical condition in 1999 with that in 1990. A total of 148 men and 261 women, aged 20 to 85 years, participated in 1999 (the 99-study). To compare the 99-study with the one carried out in 1990 (the 90-study), similar methods were used. The results are summarized as follows: (1) The weight, body mass index (BMD and %Fat in both men and women were significantly greater than those in the 90-study. (2) The maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) was significantly lower in the 99-study in both sexes. (3) The average energy intake was 2,252 kcal/day in men and 1,922 kcal/day in women in the 99-study, both of which were significantly lower in the 90-study. (4) The estimated average daily salt and potassium intake for both sexes was about 13-14 g and 1.9-2.0 g, respectively, almost identical with that of the 90-study. (5) The average systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were approximately 9-5 mmHg and 8 mmHg higher in the 99-study than in the 90-study in both sexes. (6) The average serum cholesterol was 179 mg/dl in men and 182 mg/dl in women, both of which were significantly higher than in the initial study. The significant differences in body composition such as BMI and %Fat, VO2max and nutrient intake between the 90- and the 99-study may account for the significant SBP and DBP elevation in men and women in the present study, even when due regard is taken of the different age distributions of the two studies. As in the 90-study, the amount of the salt intake, itself, did not seem to be a major factor in the elevated BP in the 99-study.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.09.11
更新日 2018.06.12