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ネパール都市近郊チベット難民キャンプ住民の形態および最大酸素摂取量 : 9年後のフォローアップ研究

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概要 The purpose of this study was to find out any change in anthropometry and physical fitness of the Tibetan immigrants living in a Tibetan Refugee Camp located in the suburban district of Kathmandu in ... Nepal. The study was repeated both in 1990 and in 1999 in the same subjects: 80 men and 167 women. We measured the anthropometry, physical fitness and daily activity level. Anthoropometrical measure ments were conducted on stature, body weight(BW), the circumferences of 6 sites (for men) or 2 sites (for women), skinfold thickness of 5 sites (for men) or 3 sites (for women), by one skillful examiner. The body mass index, abdomen/hip ratio and percentage fat of the body weight (%Fat) were calculated. The maximal aerobic power (MAP) was estimated by Margaria's indirect method. The daily activity level was ostimated by daily walking steps and energy expenditure. Fifty-eight % of the men and 46% of the women gained 5 kg or more in BW between 1990 and 1999, whereas a weight loss of 5kg or more occurred in 5% and 4% for men and women, respectively. The weight change was significantly correlated with age negatively and with the changes of circumferences (upper arm, forearm, abdomen, hip, thigh and calf), skinfold thickness (triceps, subscaplar, suprailiac, abdomen and calf) and %Fat positively. Correlation coefficients between changes in BW and changes in total circumference, total skinfold thickness and %Fat were 0.88, 0.78 and 0.72 for men and 0.80, 0.72 and 0.57 for women, respectively. MAP decreased 14.3±10.3% per 9-year period for men and 12.4±10.4% for women. The daily activity levels of the inhabitants were low, because of the relatively smaller walking steps and energy expenditure. We conclude that many inhabitants of the Tibetan Refugee Camp increased in body weight and body fat and decreased in physical fitness, probably due to their physically inactive lifestyle.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.09.08
更新日 2018.06.12