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大学体育大会参加者の運動部参加の動機

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概要 The aims of this study were to clarify the motives for athletic club participation of participants in the intercollegiate athletic meeting and to compare these motives from various viewpoints. The dat...a were obtained from 1,837 subjects who participated in the intercollegiate athletic meeting. Twenty-five items of questionnaire used in this study constituted seven categories of participation motives, namely, "avoidance", "achievement", "health and physical fitness", "affiliation", "free and equality", "adherence", and "social usefulness" motives. Main findings were summarized as follows: 1) As a whole, "health and physical fitness", "affiliation", and "adherence" were the significant motives for athletic club participation. This means that the instrumental values of sports were significant for participants in the intercollegiate athletic meeting. The significance of "avoidance" motive was relatively limited. 2) Comparative analyses were unedertaken from various viewpoints. A comparison by grade differences indicated that the influence of "social usefulness" motive was strong in lower grades(1st-year and 2nd-year students) than higher grades(3rd-year and 4th-year students). "Social usefulness", "health and physical fitness", and "free and equality" were the significant motives for junior college students. This means that the instrumental values of sports were significant for junior college students' participation for the athletic clubs. The influence of "free and equality" motive was the weakest for the students of physical education major. It was thought that this tendency reflected the inequal human relations within athletic clubs. Next comparisons were carried out in terms of position and role differences within athletic clubs. The results indicated that the motives of "achievement", "affiliation", and "free and equality” were significant for the regulars than the other members of club and "achievement" motive was the most significant for captain. Critical differences emerged from an inspection regarding relationship between one's intention of continuing sports and participation motives. Except for the "social usefulness" motive, every motive exerted significantly different influences for the students who intend to continue sports and who had no intention of continuing sports. The influence of "achievement", "health and physical fitness", "affiliation", "free and equality", and "adherence" motives were significant for the students who had intention of continuing sports. For the students who had no intention of continuing sports, "avoidance" motive was significant. This means that the students who have no intention of continuing sports are participating athletic clubs because they can't quit the team they belong..続きを見る

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登録日 2009.09.10
更新日 2018.06.12