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Finite Element Simulation of Hydrogen Dispersion

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概要 Hydrogen is expected as new fuel instead of fossil fuel. It will be used as fuel of a fuel cell for which development is performed actively. Many scientists are studying characteristic features of hyd...rogen. But it is difficult to experiment the hydrogen dispersion in case of hydrogen leaks, because hydrogen has the properties that energy for ignition is lower, rate of flame propagation in air is faster and quenching distance is shorter than hydrocarbon fuel. Therefore clarifying the hydrogen dispersion with numerical analysis becomes important. Furthermore, hydrogen dispersion under various conditions can be clarified with numerical analysis, which is useful to use hydrogen safely. This paper deals with computer simulation of the hydrogen dispersion by a finite element method. The mathematical model of hydrogen dispersion is governed by the momentum equations, the continuity equation and the hydrogen mass conservation equation. The model presented here is a three-dimensional, incompressible, non-stationary model. This paper describes a finite element method with the stabilization technique for solving Navier-Stokes equations and the advection-diffusion equation for hydrogen concentration like the Boussinesq approximation of thermal convection problems. We use Bercovier-Pironneau elements for the velocity and the pressure, and smaller P1 elements for the concentration of hydrogen. A suitable implicit time difference is also used. Numerical results are shown for a sample model.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.04.22
更新日 2017.02.09