<紀要論文>
新疆ウイグル自治区のウイグル族およびカザフ族の形態および最大酸素摂取量

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概要 The purpose of this study was to investigate physical characteristics and maximal aerobic power in the Uygur and the Kazak tribes living in Urumqi and Ili district, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, C...hina. The subjects of this survey in Urumqi and Ili district were 317 and 25 males for the Uygur tribe, and 61 and 215 males for the Kazak tribe, aged 18 to 24 years old, respectively. Measurement for physique was carried out on the stature, body weight, chest girth, upper arm girth, calf girth and skinfold thickness (triceps, subscapular, suprailium, calf). The percent body fat (%Fat), lean body mass and relative chest girth were estimated from these values. For physical fitness measure, maximal aerobic power (MAP) was estimated by Margaria's method. The mean statures of the Uygur and the Kazak tribes were ranged 167.6+-6.3cm (the Uygur tribe in Urumqi district) to 169.2+-5.2cm (the Kazak tribe in Ili district). In physique, the Uygur and the Kazak tribes were lower or smaller in most of measured items than those of the Beijing group and the Japanese groups (p<0.05-0.001), but these tribes were not slender. The skinfold thickness at any measured points and %Fat of the Uygur and the Kazak tribes were slso smaller than the Beijing and the Japanese groups (p<0.05-0.001). The subjects with obesity (%Fat>20%) were recognized in only 1.3% (4 persons) of the Uygur tribe in Urumqi district, but were not found in the Kazak tribe in Ili and Urumqi district and the Uygur tribe in Urumqi. Although the mean MAP of the Kazak in both districts and the Uygur tribe in Ili district were ranged 46.2+-8.9 to 48.1+-9.5 ml/kg . min, its value of the Uygur tribe in Urumqi(44.5+-7.7ml/kg . min) was smaller than those of the Kazak tribes (p<0.01). From these results it is considered that the effect of modernization has just begun on the Uygur tribe in Urumqi district.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.09.10
更新日 2018.06.12