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スポーツ行動の継続化とその要因に関する研究(1) : 婦人テニス教室参加者の場合

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概要 The tennis school for housewives sponsored by Kyushu University was held for three months in 1985. This study was carried out for the purpose of clarifying how the participants of this school have bee...n continuing tennis for these two years and what kind of factors have influenced on that. The number of subjects in this study were 36. Two kind of investigations were conducted to them by questionnaire method and interview one from 1985 to 1987. The results would be summarized as follows: 1. All of the subjects were married women and were from 30s to 40s years of age. The majority of them were housewives who have no occupation. 2. Many of the subjects had their own sport experiences in the past. And, the greater part of them have husbands and children who are playing some kind of sport at the present. 3. There are five kind of persons or patterns concerning continuation of tennis after the school. They are, (1) the persons who have been continuing tennis all the time after the school. (2) the persons who began to play tennis from some period after the school, (3) the persons who had been playing tennis after the school and discontinued it for some period, and then began to play it again, (4) the persons who had been playing tennis for a given of period after the school and then discontinued it completely, and (5) the persons who have never played tennis at all after the school. The first one is the most in number among these five patterns. 4. There are three kind of patterns about socialization into tennis from the perspective of difference of sport experience in the past. They are, (1) the persons who had not any sport experience in the past and played tennis for the first time in the school, (2) the persons who had some kind of sport experience in the past and played tennis for the first time in the school, and (3) the persons who had tennis experience in the past. There are no distinctive relation between these patterns and continuation of tennis after the school. 5.72.2% of the subjects have been continuing tennis till now. Eight factors for continuation of it can be pointed out. Namely, they are, having spare time, possibility of using tennis court, having friends for playing tennis, proper expenditure on tennis, improvement in skill, having family members who function as significant others, high behavioral intention and normative belief toward significant others, and good sport consciousness. 6. It can be said that the purposes of continuation of tennis are, social intercourse with friends, dissolution of stress, keeping health, prevention of obesity, improvement in skill and participation into tennis match. 7.27.8% of the subjects discontinued playing tennis entirely after the school and some of the other subjects also discontinued it for a while temporarily. We can point out some factors which explane discontinuation of tennis through them. They are, (1) restriction of spare time arising from the problems on beginning new job, infant rearing and having other social role, (2) change of geographical and social environment by means of removal, (3) reasons on health condition such as ill or injury, (4) disorganization of tennis group by lack of leader or coach, (5) problem on human relation, and (6) falling of will to play tennis caused by lower level of skill.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.09.10
更新日 2018.06.12