<紀要論文>
Production of Triploid Plants from Crosses between Diploid and Tetraploid Grapes (Vitis complex) through Immature Seed Culture and Subsequent Embryo Culture

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概要 To develop efficient embryo-rescue methods in breeding triploid grapes, a combination of immature seed culture and embryo culture, and embryo culture without the preceding culture of immature seeds we...re applied during different developmental stages of seeds from an interploid cross between tetraploid 'Red Pearl' and diploid 'Muscat Bailey A'. Embryos grew larger than 1mm in their length after three months of the immature seed culture initiated between 24 and 56 days after polllonation(DAP). Overall, the embryos through subsequent culture germinated and then grew into plantlets at the higher rates than did those cultured without the preceding immature seeds culture. The highers rate of seedling recovery was 31.5% per cultured seed when immature seeds were collected 52-56 DAP, though none of four growth regulators added separately to the midium of the preceding immature seed culture were effective for development of embryos cultured in the same period. Results from our present and recent studies on breeding triploid grapes indicated that a combination of immature seed culture and subsequent embryo culture initiated one to two weeks before veraison (the biginning of fruit-softening period) is the best method for efficient production of triploid grapes.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.04.22
更新日 2017.02.02