Agriculture is an important force in the economic, social, and political fabric of China, as well as forming the foundations of our food providing system. Therefore food safety policies are not only to ensure that food and drink intended for sale for human consumption is safe to eat, it is also essential to the economic health of rural China. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the legislation for and about food safety in China. As our results show, during recent years, especially after joining into WTO, China is trying to achieve a high level of food safety through coherent farm to table measures and adequate monitoring. The implementation of this approach involves the development of legislative and other actions. In order to assure effective control systems over the farm to table food supply chain, food safety policies in China include a set of nationally food standards regarding the whole process of food being produced, stored, distributed, handled or consumed. Additionally, in order to ensure an effective enforcement of those standards, besides an unprecented focus on the inspection measures of food quarity such as testing, labeling and certification, more and more production-related measures, such as quarity agricultural products promoting plamts, controlling measures over the production, selling, and usage of agricultural input factors etc, have been introduced. As a result of the great effort made in recent years, a substantial system of laws and regulations for food safety has been forming gradually in China. However, since most of foods are produced by smakk farmers in China, how to carry out the original intention of the policies through small-scaled farming practice will be a challenge for policy makers alike.