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ミャンマー紀行-アジアへの誘い-

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概要 Myanmar was visitedduring April 5 and 11, 2002, and land use was surveyed around Yezin of the central Myanmar and in the Ayeyarwady delta of the lower Myanmar. Agriculture in Myanmar is, in general, p...racticed under the reinfed condition. In this visiting time, Myanmar was in the hot and dry season, and 80 to 90% of the cultivated land was observed to be in no cropping. The remaining 10 to 20% wad irrigated and planted with summer rice. Shifting cultivation was surveyed at Sinthot village near Yezin, under Pyinmana township, Mandalay Division. Main crops planted in this village are rice, banana,corn chilly turmeric ginger,sesame, and beans.After slushu and burn of weeds and bushes, these crops are planted in April in the start of thr rainy season and harvested in October, except for banana. No planting is performed in the second year. Banana is harvested after 5 to 6 years, with the a fallow duration of 4 to 5 years, and shifting cultiavtion will be started again. The field after harvesting of the first-year crops was observed. Paddy-rice cultivation was surveyed at Shwe Kya village near Yezin, under Pyinmana township, Mandalay Division. Irrigation water from the Yezin dam is available in this village, and rice is cropped two times in a year. The first crop (monsoon rice) is transplanted in June to July and harvested in thefirst week of November with a growing period of 130 to 135 days. The second crop (summer rice) is directly seeded in February with a drum seeder and is harvested in May. The paddy field where summer rice is growing is observed. The variety was IR50, and the growing condition was good. Psddy-rice cultivation in the Ayeyarwady delta was surveyed at Myanma Billion Company under Nyaungdon township, Ayeyarwady Division. This area is located in the depressed region, and rice is cropped ince in the dry season in a year. Water level is too deep to cultivate rice in the rainy season. Summer rice is transplanted in Decenmer an harvested in April with the growing period of 120 days. The yield of the summer rice is 3.6 Mg/ha. The fertilizer does is 63kg/ha for N and 31kg/ha for P205. Potassium fertilizer is not applied. In addition to the survey of land use, Yezin Agricultutal University which is only a four-year course agricultural unievrsutu in Myanmar was visited. Market in Pyinmana was surveyed to understand the general agricultural production in this region. The life style and culture in the reral area was also experienced.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.04.22
更新日 2020.02.10