||The purpose of this study was to investigate how parental nursing behavior correlates with the students' feeling of adjustment to the school life, from the view point of student's self-esteem. The sub...jects were one hundred and twenty four first graders of a senior high school. For the measurement of parental nursing behavior and the students' perception of their parental nursing behavior, Shinagawa & Shinagawa's parent-child relationship test was used. The subjects' self-esteem were measured by the self-esteem scale of Endo et al.. And, the feeling of school adjustment was measured by the scale of Seki et al.. By factor analysis of school adjustment feeling, five factors were found. These factors seemed to be divided into two components ; positive feeling and negative feeling. The former were the factors of "affiliation", "enhancement", "psychological stability" and the latter were "negative feeling-hostility" and "powelressness". 2 (high vs. low self-esteen)×3 (trials) analysis of variance was performed on eachfactor of school adjustment feeling. Only with the "affiliation" factor the significant main effect of self-esteem was found. There were significant correlations between child's feeling of "affiliation" and parental nursing behavior, and his perception of parental nursing behavior. These correlations revealed that the type of parental nursing behavior of the children with high self-esteen was "expectation" while the type of parental nursing behavior of the children with low self-esteem was "interference". From these results it is inferred that "expectation" type nursing enhances their child's feeling of "affiliation".