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環境適応に及ぼすSelf-Esteemと両親の養育行動の効果

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概要 The purpose of this study was to investigate how parental nursing behavior correlates with the students' feeling of adjustment to the school life, from the view point of student's self-esteem. The sub...jects were one hundred and twenty four first graders of a senior high school. For the measurement of parental nursing behavior and the students' perception of their parental nursing behavior, Shinagawa & Shinagawa's parent-child relationship test was used. The subjects' self-esteem were measured by the self-esteem scale of Endo et al.. And, the feeling of school adjustment was measured by the scale of Seki et al.. By factor analysis of school adjustment feeling, five factors were found. These factors seemed to be divided into two components ; positive feeling and negative feeling. The former were the factors of "affiliation", "enhancement", "psychological stability" and the latter were "negative feeling-hostility" and "powelressness". 2 (high vs. low self-esteen)×3 (trials) analysis of variance was performed on eachfactor of school adjustment feeling. Only with the "affiliation" factor the significant main effect of self-esteem was found. There were significant correlations between child's feeling of "affiliation" and parental nursing behavior, and his perception of parental nursing behavior. These correlations revealed that the type of parental nursing behavior of the children with high self-esteen was "expectation" while the type of parental nursing behavior of the children with low self-esteem was "interference". From these results it is inferred that "expectation" type nursing enhances their child's feeling of "affiliation".
本研究は,学生の学校生活に対する適応の感情的側面が親の養育行動とどのように関連するかを,子どものself-esteemの観点から分析することを目的とした。被験者は高専1年生124名であった。親の養育行動は田研式親子関係調査を用いて,self-esteemは遠藤らのSE-I型を用いて測定した。環境適応は関らの尺度を用いて測定した。環境適応に関するデータに基づき因子分析を行なった結果,肯定的成分として親和性,発揚性,心理的安定因子,否定的成分として否定的感情・攻撃性,無力感因子が見出された。次に環境適応因子ごとにself-esteem(高・低の2水準)×試行(3水準)の2要因分散分析を行なった結果,親和性因子のみにおいて,self-esteemの主効果が見出された。この親和因子と両親の養育行動および認知された両親の養育行動との相関分析の結果,self-esteemの高い子どもの両親の養育行動は期待型であり,self-esteemの低い場合は干渉型であった。つまり,両親の養育行動が期待型である場合にself-esteemの高い子どもの親和性が高いことが示唆された。
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登録日 2009.09.08
更新日 2018.06.12