<紀要論文>
日本とカナダにおける肥満および糖尿病予防対策

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概要 Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 is currently a major health issue in both Japan and Canada. When diabetes is not properly managed, it is known to cause diabetes related neuropathy, blindness, and renal disea...se. Treatment of diabetes and related diseases is a huge financial burden in both countries. Obesity is a leading cause of diabetes. In order for diabetes prevention to occur, obesity must be prevented in the first place. Currently in Japan, approximately10% of children (1.2 million) are mildly obese and 5% of children are moderately or severely obese (600,000). The need for obesity prevention is a pressing matter. This report will examine the causes, various problems, and countermeasures in relation to childhood obesity in Japan, in comparison to The Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project (KSDPP), a Canadian case study. Lifestyle-related causes of obesity in Japanese children include (1) over-eating, (2) high-fat diet, (3) lack of exercise, (4) irregular lifestyle, (5) stress. In order to promote health in children, the government, community, school system, medical and social services need to collaborate in making a cohesive program which a) nurtures proper daily habits, b) screens for obesity, c) establishes a health education system within schools, d) provides guidance and action in promoting nutritional balance focusing through school meals, e) encourages physical activity, especially walking, f) teaches the values of the family life, the enjoyment of nature by providing a wholesome and sound environment for children.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.04.22
更新日 2017.01.20