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「情緒的甘え」と「道具的甘え」との区別の実証的意義の検討 : 青年期の甘え欲求の違いと甘えタイプからの分析を通して

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概要 This research was the first study that ever attempted to examine empirical significance of Kato (1998)'s theoretical distinction between emotional and instrumental amae based upon the purpose of amae.... We examined the following questions with "Need for Amae" Scale we developed: (1) How strongly one has needs for emotional and instrumental amae toward 5 amae objects (or persons) in different amae situations, (2) how differently 4 types of amae-engager, as detected by "Amae-engager" Type Scale (Kato & Kobayashi, 2000), express those two needs for amae. 301 college students responded to a questionnaire. Analyses revealed the following: (1) the present findings were inconsistent with those of Fujiwara et al. (1981) in that college students have relatively higher needs for emotional amae toward mother, and (2) Type B (or the type of failing in and/or rejecting of engaging in amae) report their lowest needs for emotional amae toward father and mother, compared with other types. Based upon those findings, introducing the proposed distinction between emotional and instrumental amae would provide an important and useful view for elucidating the aspects and/or phenomena that were very likely overlooked in the previous amae studies, as well as investigating individual differences on amae.続きを見る

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登録日 2009.04.22
更新日 2017.09.08