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郷友会の文化活動と教育的機能に関する一考察

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概要 Okinawa is often described as a "society of kyouyukai", a term which refers to an association consisting of Okinawan people who migrated from the same home villages to more urban city areas. In compar...ison with their counterparts in mainland Japan, Okinawan migratory people have demonstrated some distinctive characteristics by reproducing their own traditional customs and lifestyles through kyouyukai even in an alien urban environment. The formation of kyouyukai has been encouraged by the fact that members have common living and cultural experiences in their home villages. In other words, the statement that "Okinawa is a society of kyouyukai" presupposes that Okinawa consists of a number of village communities. Many studies in the area of Adult Education have tended to treat cities and the villages as entirely separate entities when analyzing the educational aspects of migration movements between villages and urban areas. Surprisingly, however, too few of them take account of the fact that many urban residents had in fact originally migrated from villages. Specifically, the majority of previous discussions only succeeds in explaining urban development in terms of the increase in the number of migratory people and fails to address how their hometown communities and current living environment have affected the formation of their identity and the sense of belonging. This paper intends to address this deficiency in previous studies by focusing on the educational roles played by kyouyukai during the process of urban settlement and on the relationships between kyouyukai and home villages after the initial settlement has been completed. More specifically, the paper analyzes the educational aspects of kyouyukai in the following three ways. First, the paper highlights the differences and relationships between home villages (which primarily provided educational and everyday cultural backgrounds to migratory people) and kyouyukai, which are considered to form a para-community of hometown communities. Second, the paper points out that shared experience of everyday cultural activities in home villages has been a significant binding force for kyouyukai. Third, the paper illustrates the fact that communal ties in these home villages are not easily breakable and a sense of unity and yuimahru (an Okinawan concept connoting a spirit of mutual support) are strongly maintained no matter where Okinawan people migratc to.続きを見る

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登録日 2012.11.19
更新日 2017.01.05