A ROLE FOR SUCROSE SYNTHASE IN STARCH SYNTHESIS IN SWEET POTATO

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A ROLE FOR SUCROSE SYNTHASE IN STARCH SYNTHESIS IN SWEET POTATO

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Grant
Kyushu Univ. Production Kyushu Univ. Production
Title(Other Language):
サツマイモのデンプン合成過程におけるスクロースシンターゼの役割に関する研究
Responsibility:
斎藤 和幸(九州大学・農学部・助手)
SAITOU Kazuyuki(九州大学・農学部・助手)
Language:
Japanese
Project Year:
1995-1996
Latest Report:
In plants, sucrose is an energy and carbohydrate source. Sucrose is synthesized in photosynthetically sctive tissues and transported to other plant organs where it is used after cleavage to monosaccharides or derivatives. Sucrose synthase (SUS) is one of the enzymes involved in sucrose breakdown. To understand the molecular mechanisms in sugar distribution and metabolism of sweet potato, we have isolated a cDNA (1,191 bp) encoding SUS of sweet potato (IBSUS). The deduced amino acid of IBSUS was most closely related (91% homology) to potato SUS.Less homology (75%) was found to monocotyledonous sequences (rice and maize). The published Arabidopsis SUS sequence unexpectedly showed an even lower homology value of 69%. The activity of SUS in roots of sweet potato increased during development of tuberous roots. The enhancement of the enzymatic activity was accompanied by an increase in starch content. The activity of SUS in the tuberous roots was higher than that in the other tissues, namely, leaf blades, petioles, stems and fibrous roots. The enzymatic activity was not detectable in the leaf blade. Expression of the gene encoding SUS in different tissues of sweet potato was assessed by northem bolt hybridization. A signal of the SUS mRNA with a size of approximately 2.4 kbp was found in petioles, stems, fibrous roots and tuberous roots. The gene was most abundantly expressed in tuberous roots. Lower expression levels were found in petioles and stems, whereas no expression could be detected in leaf blades. The gene encoding SUS was strongly inducible by sucrose at the RNA level. Read more
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